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Atmos Greenhouse Falsification-090106

Atmos Greenhouse Falsification-090106

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Scientific paper that conclusively disproves the so-called "atmospheric greenhouse" model.
Scientific paper that conclusively disproves the so-called "atmospheric greenhouse" model.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Robert G. Williscroft on Nov 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/04/2015

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Falsification Of The Atmospheric CO
2
Greenhouse EffectsWithin The Frame Of Physics
Version 4.0 (January 6, 2009)
replaces Version 1.0 (July 7, 2007) and later 
Gerhard Gerlich
Institut f¨ur Mathematische PhysikTechnische Universit¨at Carolo-Wilhelmina zu BraunschweigMendelssohnstraße 3D-38106 BraunschweigFederal Republic of Germanyg.gerlich@tu-bs.de
Ralf D. Tscheuschner
Postfach 602762D-22237 HamburgFederal Republic of Germanyralfd@na-net.ornl.gov
  a  r   X   i  v  :   0   7   0   7 .   1   1   6   1  v   4   [  p   h  y  s   i  c  s .  a  o  -  p   h   ]   4   M  a  r   2   0   0   9
Index
 
2
Gerhard Gerlich and Ralf D. Tscheuschner 
Abstract
The atmospheric greenhouse effect, an idea that many authors trace back to thetraditional works of Fourier (1824), Tyndall (1861), and Arrhenius (1896), and whichis still supported in global climatology, essentially describes a fictitious mechanism, inwhich a planetary atmosphere acts as a heat pump driven by an environment that is
radiatively interacting with 
but
radiatively equilibrated to
the atmospheric system. Ac-cording to the second law of thermodynamics such a planetary machine can never exist.Nevertheless, in almost all texts of global climatology and in a widespread secondaryliterature it is taken for granted that such mechanism is real and stands on a firm sci-entific foundation. In this paper the popular conjecture is analyzed and the underlyingphysical principles are clarified. By showing that (a) there are no common physical lawsbetween the warming phenomenon in glass houses and the fictitious atmospheric green-house effects, (b) there are no calculations to determine an average surface temperatureof a planet, (c) the frequently mentioned difference of 33
C is a meaningless numbercalculated wrongly, (d) the formulas of cavity radiation are used inappropriately, (e) theassumption of a radiative balance is unphysical, (f) thermal conductivity and frictionmust not be set to zero, the atmospheric greenhouse conjecture is falsified.Electronic version of an article published as
International Journal of Modern PhysicsB, Vol. 23, No. 3 (2009) 275–364
, DOI No: 10.1142/S021797920904984X,c
WorldScientific Publishing Company,
.
Index
 
Falsification Of The Atmospheric CO
2
Greenhouse Effects 
...
3
Contents
Abstract21 Introduction6
1.1 Problem background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61.2 The greenhouse eect hypothesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111.3 This paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
2 The warming mechanism in real greenhouses16
2.1 Radiation Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .162.1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .162.1.2 The innitesimal specic intensity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .162.1.3 Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182.1.4 The Stefan-Boltzmann law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192.1.5 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202.2 The Sun as a black body radiator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .212.3 The radiation on a very nice day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232.3.1 The phenomenon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232.3.2 The sunshine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232.3.3 The radiation of the ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252.3.4 Sunshine versus ground radiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272.3.5 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .292.4 High School Experiments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .292.5 Experiment by Wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .322.6 Glass house summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
3 The fictitious atmospheric greenhouse effects35
3.1 Denition of the problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .353.2 Scientic error versus scientic fraud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .353.3 Different versions of the atmospheric greenhouse conjecture . . . . . . . . . . .383.3.1 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after oller (1973) . . . . . . . . . . . .383.3.2 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Meyer’s encyclopedia (1974) . . . .383.3.3 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Sch¨onwiese (1987) . . . . . . . . .383.3.4 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Stichel (1995) . . . . . . . . . . . .393.3.5 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Anonymous 1 (1995) . . . . . . . .393.3.6 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Anonymous 2 (1995) . . . . . . . .403.3.7 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after Anonymous 3 (1995) . . . . . . . .403.3.8 Atmospheric greenhouse effect after German Meteorological Society (1995)40

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