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Tiros III Press Kit

Tiros III Press Kit

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Published by Bob Andrepont
NASA press kit for Tiros 3
NASA press kit for Tiros 3

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Nov 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/14/2010

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NEWS
RELEASE
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
1520
H STREET, NORTHWEST
.
WASHINGTON
25.
D.
C.
TELEPHONES: DUDLEY 2-6325
.
EXECUTIVE
3-3280
FOR RELEASE:
Sunday
AM's
RELEAsE
NO.
61-147
July
$$
1961
-
atellite)Another step in
the
development of aglobal
_I
perational
-
satDTtFweather
observation system
will
soon
be
a€€-
by
the National Aeronautics and Space Administration inlaunching
a
third
Tiros meteorological satellite from CapeCanaveral, Florida,
If
the launch
is
completely successful,
the
285-pound
satellite
will
circle the
earth
every
98
minutes in
a
400
mile
high orbit
and,
like
its
sister satellites, Tiros
I
and Tiros
11,
transmit thousands
of
television pictures
of
the
earth's
cloud cover
to
ground stations for weatheranalysisThe new Tiros
is
of
particular interest
to
meteorologistsin
that
the
projected lifetime
of the
satellite coincides
with
the current hurricane season, Weather analysts
are
hopeful.
that
the
satellite
will
provide valuable insightson
the
origin, development and movement
of
hurricanes.Unlike Tiros
I
and
I1
which used one
wide
angle and onenarrow angle high resolution vidicon television cameras,
this
Tiros
will
be equipped
with
two
wide
angle cameras.
This
change
was
based
on
the
earlier experiments which showed
that
more valuable information
for
weather analysis
was
available from
the wide
angle pictures.
The
two camerasin
this
experiment
are
identical
to
the wide angle cameraused in
Tiros
I
and
11.
.-..-I^_
.
l.l..
.
~.
. .
.
-.
..
-.
. .
-
,
.
___
.
_
.
.
.
-.
 
As
ir:
the
firat
and
seeond
Tiros,
the satellite containsmagnetictape recorders whioh can store up to thirty-two picturesduring
each
orb5-t
for
transmission
earthward
when the satelliteis wlthin
1500
mile
command range
of
a ground station.
Ir,
addition,
the
hat-boxed shaped satellite carriesimproved remote control programmers for the electronic equip-ment and new transistorized circuits in the electronic clockswhich trigger the cameras.
Other
fnstrumentation,
which
fnc ludes beacon transmitters,attitude sensors,
hoaafzon
mmmers, telemetry circuits and
a
magnetic orfentation control
system
is idenused
in
Tiros
11.
Also,
as
in
Tiros
11,
Wt'W
contains infrared radfatlon experiments to measure sun-earthradiation relationships.
Power
fos
the
operation
of
electronic
equlpment isfurnished
by
chemlcal batteries charged
by
more than
9,000
solar
cells
which
are
mounted
on the tops
and
sides
of
the
42
x
19
inch high apacecraft.developed
by
NASA.
NASA's
Goddard Space Flight Center hasoverall technical direotion
of
the satellite, including
tracking
and command responsibility, mCt1;develoged thescanning infrared radiatian @xperiments. The Astro ExectronicsProducts Division
of
RCA
designed
the
eelevision system
and
assembled
and
tested the myload under
NASA
contract.
The
Meteorological Satellite
LaQQratoryof the
U.
S.
Meather Bureauis responsible
for
analysis
of
ehe meteorological data and
a
number
of
U,
Sl
and
forQign
nation weather agencies
are
expected
to
mke
use
of
Tfros
da&ta
both'for research andcurrent weather
analysis.
The launching vehfole
will
be a three stage Delta rocket
-2-
 
FACT SHEETTHE TIROS SATELLITE
QENERAL
Satellite
was
designed
to
obtain television pictures
of
cloudformations and infrared measurements of heat balance in theatmosphere around the world,
and
transmit both pictures
and
measurements to ground stations for meteorological analysis andlimited operational
use.
Weight
:
285
poundsShape Dimensions: Cylindrical, resembling a large hat box,Launch
From
Atlantic Missile Range, Cape Canaveral, Floridaon a three-stage Thor Delta vehicle.Orbit: Approximately
'400
miles altitude, at inclinationof
48
degrees from the Equator
at
speeds approaching
17,000
miles per hour.
42
inches in diameter,
19
inches high.OPERATION
Power:
9,260
solar cells provide electrical energy
to
63
nickel cadmium storage batteries which, in turn,power electronic instrumentation.Transmitters Five transmitters relay data from the satellite
to
ground stations.
a.
Each
of
the
two
television
camera
systems hasa two watt ground command transmitter operatingon
235
megacycles.
b,
One two-watt
237.8
megacycle transmitter,
also
operated by ground command, relays infraredexperiments data.
c.
Two 30-mc tracking beacons operating continu-ously on frequencies of
108
mc and 108.03 mcare used to relay satellite environmentaldata such as temperature, pressure and batterycharge level. Beacon frequencies are modulatedby ground command.Television System:The satellite's
two
identical
TV
cameras
use
a
one-
half inch Vidicon tube especially designed forsatellite use.
The
cameras are aligned parallel
to
the satellite's spin axis and
"see"
throughthe spacecraft baseplate. Each
camera
consistsof a Vidicon tube and a focal plane shutter whichpermits still pictures
to
be
stored on the tube screen.
-3-
._
._._
--
*
".
.
. .
_
,
.
..
.
.
..

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