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worm%20gear%20system Dr Haitham

worm%20gear%20system Dr Haitham

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Published by kannan

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Published by: kannan on Jul 29, 2008
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08/28/2014

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Design of Worm Gear System
1
ST 
DRAFT (DEC. 2004) BY M. ABD-RABOU AND H. BOGIS Mech. Systems Design and Prod. Dept., King Abdulaziz University
A Procedure to Design The Worm Gear System 
1.
 
Select the center distance (
 a)
according to the following equation:
232
=750*
a
σ 
(1)Where:T
2
is the applied torque on gear (in Nm)
σ
c
is gear material contact strength (in MPa).Recommended material for Gear is Bronze (Gz Cu Sn 12 DIN 17662)with
σ
c
480 MPa
2.
 
Select the diameter of the worm as
1=(0.3 0.5)*
dtoa
(2)
3.
 
Calculate the gear diameter as
(3)
12
2
a
=
 
4.
 
Speed ratio calculation:
12
 Z  Z i
η 
 
=
 Where:Z1, Z2 are number of starts in worm and no of teeth in gear respectively. Number of starts on worm is to be selected according to Table 1.Table 1i <5 5 - 10 10 - 1515 - 30>30Z
1
6 4 3 2 1
η
is the efficiency of power transmission, as given in Table 2.Table 2Z
1
4 3 2 1
 
η
 
0.9 0.85 0.8 0.7
5.
 
Select suitable module from Table 3Table 3
module 1 1.25 1.6 22.53.15456.381012.5 16 20
6.
 
Adjust the wheel diameter
22
=
dmZ 
 
7.
 
Readjust the worm pitch diameter according to Eq. 3
The circular pitch of the gear has to be equal to the axial pitch of the wormP
Circular 
= P
Axial
=
 Axial 
m
π 
 
1
=
 Axial 
 Pm
π 
 
8.
 
Calculate the length of the wormL = (11 12) m (Worm cutting portion length)D
i
= d
1
– 2 * 1.25 * mD
o
= d
1
+ 2 m9.
 
Calculate the wheel face width
1
0.75
 F
»
 
11
tan=
 Zmb
(Lead angle
15
o
– 25
o
)10.
 
Forces on the worm
111
2=
 F 
 
11
=tan
a
 F  F b
 
11
tan=sin
tn
 F  F ab
 11.
 
Self locking condition
tan
mb
³
 
 
12.
 
Most common materialsWorm materials:
 
Steel 60
 
Steel 70
 
Alloy Steel
Gear material:
 
Bronze (e.g. Gz Cu Sn 12 with
s
c
= 480 MPa DIN 17662)
13.
 
Critical part in the system is the Wheel14.
 
Symbols usedAll dimensions are in mm
a center distance between the wheel and the wormd
1
diameter of the wormd
2
diameter of the wheelT
1
torque on the worm [N.m]T
2
torque on the wheel [N.m]i speed ratioZ
1
number of starts of the wormZ
2
number of teeth of the wheel
m
coefficient of friction
b
lead angle
s
c
contact stress in wheel [MPa]
h
efficiency of power transmissionL length of cut portionD
i
inner diameter of wormD
o
outer diameter of wormm worm module

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