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Iran, Barren Ground for Democracy

Iran, Barren Ground for Democracy

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Published by OmidSalehi

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Published by: OmidSalehi on Nov 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/08/2013

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Iran:ABarren Groundfo r Democracy
AThesis
Submittedt otheF a c u lh rofG r a d u a t eS t u d i e sand
InPartialF u lfillm e n toft h eR e q u i r e m e n t s
forth eD e g r e e of
MasterofA rts
inP o litic a lS c ie n c e
University of Regina
BY
BahmanA s s a d i
Regina,S a s k a t c h e w a n
December,1 9 9 6
Research
Copyright1996:B ahm anA ssa d i
TABLEO FC O N T E N T S
ABSTRACT
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
INTRODUCTION
Chapter 1.
Capitalist Development
ChapterI f .
Chapter III.
Chapter IV.
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
A point of clarification
Democracy defined
Capitalist developrnent&democracy
Quantitative cross-national studies
Comparative historical works
Ana l t e r n a t i v e methodology
Iran:a case study
TheN a tu r e of the State
The nature of the Iranian state
Civil Society
The concept of civil society
Women's Movement in Iran: a case study
Women's status in AncientIran
Women& the Constitutional Revolution
RezaS h a h& Women's Movernent
MohamrnadRezaS h a h&Women's
Movement
Khomeini& Women's Movement
Political Culture
78
Monarchical Authonty&Iranian Political
culture
84
Islam& Iranian Political Culture
88
Islam: an overview
90
Shi'ism& Ruler ship
92
UIama& Innian Political Culture
94
Abstract
The twentieth century has witnessedt h e failureof threem a jo r
democratic movementsi n Iran: the Constitutional Revolutionof
1905, theO il Nationalization Movement of 1951,and the "Islamic"
Revolutionof1979.In al1 threei n s t a n c e sapartial democracy was
briefly established, but each of these eventually failed. The focusof
this thesis is to investigatethe socioeconornicand political factors
which led or contributedto the failure oft h eI r a n i a n people to
institutionalize democracyi nth e ir country. Without ignoring or even
underestimatingthe impact of extemal factorssucha s foreign power
interventions, this thesis relates these failures, and the inabilityof
Iranian society tohold on to democracy,tof i v e important intrinsic
weaknesses of Iranian society:t h e patrimonial nature of its state,
underdeveloped capitalism,w e a k civil society, subject political
culturea n d a b s o l u t i s t r e l i g i o u s beliefs.

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