Temperature-Independent Fiber Bragg Grating Liquid-Level SensorBased on Reflection Optical Power Detection
, Qida Zhao, Lifang Xue, Guiling Huang, Shiyu Gao, Yan Yu, Luming Zhao, Lihui LiuInstitute of Modern Optics, Nankai University, Tianjin, China 300071
Design and construction of temperature-insensitive fiber Bragg grating (FBG) liquid level sensor based on bendingcantilever beam (BCB) is proposed and demonstrated. The BCB induces spatially gradient strain on the unique sensingFBG, resulting in a Bragg bandwidth modulation. The broadening of FBG spectrum bandwidth and the reflected optical power are corresponded to liquid level changes, insensitive to spatially uniform temperature variations. In the liquid-levelrange of 500 mm and temperature change from 20
, the liquid level measurement fluctuates less than 2%without any temperature compensation. By a pin-photodiode (PD) optical power detecting, the liquid-level sensor avoidsexpensive and complex demodulation techniques and potentially costs low.
Fiber Bragg gratings, liquid-level sensor, temperature-insensitive, bending cantilever beam.
Fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) have been increasingly studied as smart optical sensors in a variety of applications. Greatdeals of interests have being focused on liquid-level sensing for the numbers of requirements in current modern industry.Wide range of liquid-level sensing techniques based around mechanical , electrical  and ultrasonic  methods have been reported. However, their applicability is compromised if the liquid to be monitored is conductive or if theenvironment is potentially explosive. The use of optical fiber technology, for its intrinsical advantage of dielectric andimmunity to electromagnetic interference, is particularly appropriate for potentially explosive environment. Severaloptical fiber liquid-level sensors have been developed during the past few years[4-15]. For example, a liquid-level sensor based on the refractive-index sensitivity of long period gratings with a high precision but very short distances in themicrometer range , microbending optical fiber sensors with a resolution of 10 mm in meter range measuring and atemperature measurement is needed for temperature compensation , intensity modulation using a pair of fibers astransmitting source light and receiving the partial reflection light off the liquid surface through a glass prism, restricted bythe fluctuation of source light power and the cleanness of prism surface[14,15].The ultimate goal of developing newsensing devices with better qualities and possible lower costs encourages research in this field.In this letter, a novel method for liquid-level sensor using fiber Bragg grating based on spectrum bandwidth modulationis proposed and demonstrated. The bending cantilever beam (BCB) is designed to induce spatially gradient strain on theoriginally unique sensing FBG. The broadening of Bragg spectrum bandwidth is in response to the liquid level changes, but is immune to spatially uniform temperature changes. A pin-photodiode (PD) is utilized to detect reflection optical
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Passive Components and Fiber-based Devices II, edited by Yan Sun, Jianping Chen, Sang Bae Lee, Ian H. WhiteProc. of SPIE Vol. 6019, 60191W, (2005) · 0277-786X/05/$15 · doi: 10.1117/12.637060Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6019 60191W-1