Journal of Politics & Society
or short-term gains or the state, but was ultimately responsibleor negative long-term results. Tough they may ulll their short-term goals, policymakers hurt their broader ambitions o lastingpeace and stability. Te Israeli examples, then, must be understoodto have wider regional and global relevance. A deeper understand-ing o its usage is particularly relevant to the Middle East peaceprocess, in which unilateral action has been recurrent.
THE WITHDRAWAL FROM LEBANON, MAY 2000
As Avraham Sela explains, the Israeli presence in southernLebanon and its “security zone” were products o an Israeli attempt“to prevent Palestinian guerilla inltrations into Israeli territory.”Only ater the 1982 war between Israel and Lebanon did indig-enous guerilla groups begin their eorts to drive the Israelis romSouthern Lebanon (Sela 2007, 60). o the Israeli public, the nan-cial and military burden o the Israeli-Lebanese conict remainedan issue ar removed rom everyday lie until 1997, when a militaryhelicopter accident killed 73 Israeli troops in transit to the securityzone (Clawson and Eisenstadt 2000, 89). Following the increase inmedia exposure and the development o grassroots protest orga-nizations, Israeli public opinion began to shit toward a reevalua-tion o the military presence in southern Lebanon. By 1999, publicopinion polls indicated that over 55 percent o the Israeli publicsupported the withdrawal o Israeli troops rom Lebanon, and overtwo-thirds avored a reassessment o Israel’s military policies there(Sela 2007, 70). Additionally, lobbies and parliament members,known as Knesset Members (MK), began pressuring the govern-ment to remove troops rom the security zone.In the 1999 parliamentary elections, candidate Ehud Barakran on a platorm o “returning the boys home.” Tis campaignpromise to withdraw troops rom the southern Lebanon “securityzone” marked a substantial shit in both Israeli public opinion andmilitary procedure. o many observers the impetus or withdrawalwas directly linked to the costs borne by the Israeli military andpsychologically stamped on the collective Israeli conscious. Since