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Hobby Robotics » CNC

Hobby Robotics » CNC

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Published by Scribber1234
CNC Router table build
CNC Router table build

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Published by: Scribber1234 on Nov 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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June 13, 2009 at 7:02 pm · Filed under Arduino,CNC,Circuit,Photography,Sensor  I made anew version of Camera Axe.Here is my storewhere I sell them. Camera Axe is open hardware and open software project that helps you get some of those difficult to capture photographs. It can use various sensors like light triggers and sound triggers to activate a camera or a flash.Here are a few sample images of the things this hardware has captured. Here is a gallery with more pretty pictures.I apologize that some of them are a little blurry. I dropped anddamaged my flash about a week ago and don’t have the funds to buy a new one right now. The flash now doesa few micro pre-flash outputs before the full flash is triggered. This is is why some of the images have aweaker ghost images in them causing a blurry appearance. (UPDATE:Here is are some new photosI shotonce I got my flash repaired.And here are some more.)These are just a few images I’ve used to test this software/hardware. The possible uses range from taking pictures of wildlife while you’re not there to photographing a bullet piercing an apple. The fact that everythingis open source offers advantages over solutions that are being sold today (beyond the cheaper price). As anexample lets say you want to take pictures of wildlife at sunrise/sunset. You could modify the software so thelight sensor only actives the camera at light levels that represent sunrise/sunset and then you could use themicrophone to actually detect animal movement. Since the hardware is easily understood you can add newsensors as needed, one sensor I’ve thought about making is piezo pressure sensor.Here is a list of the components you need to make Camera Axe.
Break Away Headers$2.50
Hobby Robotics » CNChttp://www.glacialwanderer.com/hobbyrobotics/?cat=111 of 3211/11/2010 3:49 PM
Mini Push Button Switch$0.35Serial Enabled 16×2 LCD$24.9516 MHZ Crystal$1.50ATmega328 with Arduino Bootloader $5.50DIP Sockets Solder Tail – 28-Pin 0.3
$1.505V Voltage Regulator $1.25Optoisolator with Darlington Driver – 1 Channel$1.250.1 uF Capacitor (4)$1.0022 pF Capacitor (2)$0.5010 uF Capacitor (3)$1.35RF Link 2400bps Receiver – 315MHz$4.953-Pin Screw Terminals 3.5mm Pitch (2)$3.00Super Bright LED – Green (4)$3.80DIP Sockets Solder Tail – 8-Pin$1.50Diode Rectifier – 1A 50V (2)$0.30Custom Circuit Board PCB$21.43
 NPN Transistor (2)$0.54Plastic Enclosure$7.623.5 mm Audio Jack (4)$1.40Push Button Switch (6)$7.801M Ohm Potentiometer $0.90Op Amp$0.339V Battery Holder $1.051/4 Watt Resistors * 47 (1) * 220 (4) * 1K (1) * 10K (14) * 100K (1)$2.52
McMasters Carr
#2 Spacer – 3/16
OD, 3/16
LENGTH (4)$1.04#4 Spacer – 3/16
OD, 5/16
Length (4)$1.16Undersized 4-40 Nut (4)$3.28Undersized 2/56 Nut (4)$5.232-56 Bolt – 5/8
Length (4)$4.644-40 Bolt – 3/4
Length (4)$5.09
Total Cost $119.23
Getting the bill of material cost significantly under $70 should be pretty easy if anyone want to make 10
s of these. Many of the parts above start significant volume discounts at pretty low quantities. Also some of thehardware from McMasters I only needed 4 of something but I had to buy a pack of 100 so building multiple
Hobby Robotics » CNChttp://www.glacialwanderer.com/hobbyrobotics/?cat=112 of 3211/11/2010 3:49 PM
(or finding a supplier where you could buy 4) would decrease the price by about $15. You could reduce thecost the the PCB from $21.43 to about $6.50 if you ordered them in quantities of 17 from BatchPCB’ssupplier Gold PhoenixPCB(I’d really suggest using BatchPCB until you know what you’re doing). Lastly,redesigning the board to use surface mounted parts would lead to large cost savings.I designed this circuit and PCB board inEagle. Eagle is a powerful circuit and PCB design tool. You can get afree version for non-commercial use. This is the first PCB I ever designed and must say that Eagle combinedwith these four great Sparkfun tutorials (1,2,3,4) really got me up to speed. I then sent my design to BatchPCB. It took a little over a month to get my test board back, but it worked great.Here are my eagle filesfor this project and the Girber files I sent to BatchPCB. If you install the free version of Eagle you can look atand modify my schematic and board layout. Below is a picture of this boards schematic for those who don’twant to install Eagle to look at it.Being my first board I made a few mistakes with the PCB that I’ll correct if I ever print more boards. Luckilyall my mistakes were minor and the board I printed works fine.Rename “Light” to “Sensor” on the silkscreen since that is a better description.One of the bolt holes is one grid point off center so I should make sure all the bolt holds are centered.I should label the value of the Potentiometer on the silkscreen (1M ohm).The silkscreen for the RF receiver is missing +5 for one of it’s pins.The LEDs are too bright and the 220 ohm resistors should be replaced with something larger.The schematic is correct, but the parts I used for the focus and shutter are ECB transistors. These havean odd pin layout for transistors (1=emitter, 2=collector, 3=base). Switch these to a normal transistor (1=collector, 2=base, 3=emitter).After I got the PCB back, it was just a matter of soldering all the components in place. If others want to buildthis and want more detailed directions on soldering the circuit board components into place, I may be willing
Hobby Robotics » CNChttp://www.glacialwanderer.com/hobbyrobotics/?cat=113 of 3211/11/2010 3:49 PM

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