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Timbring in Trenches

Timbring in Trenches

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Published by Atish Kumar
all are for civil engg
all are for civil engg

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Published by: Atish Kumar on Nov 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/08/2013

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SUBJECT CODE- CIV 107
ESTIMATING, COSTING AND
SPECIFICATIONS
TOPIC:- TIMBRING in TReNCHES
SUBMITTED TO:-
SUBMITTED BY:-
Mrs. Mandeep Mam.
Rakesh Saini
Roll no. 9
Civil 5th sem.
Reg.no.4100070010
1.Trench:-
Trench is a type of excavation or depression in the ground. Trenches
are generally defined by being deeper than they are wide (as opposed to a wider
gully or ditch), and by being narrow compared to their length (as opposed to a
simple hole).
TIMBER TRENCH
2. Timbering in Excavations:-
When earth has been excavated to a considerable depth the vertical faces
of the excavations need supporting by means of timber, to prevent the
soil from falling in and injuring the workmen or the work upon which
they are engaged.
The strength of the timbering used for this purpose necessarily depends
upon the nature of the soil, the depth of the excavations, and the length
of time it is likely to be kept open.
3 Trench used in different type of soil:-
3(1) Trenches In Firm Soil :-
Below fig. shows the method of timbering a trench in firm ground, in
which case short deal and batten "ends," varying from 1 by 4 1/2 inches
to 1 1/2 by 9 inches, and about 3 feet long, called Politics or Poling
Boards, are placed in pairs opposite one another against either side of the
trench, and are held in position by means of struts. These struts, which
are usually short lengths of 4 inches diameter scaffold poles, or 4 by 4-
inch squared timbers. One end of the strut is placed against the middle of
one poling board, and the other end is swung vertically downwards
against the opposite poling board, and forced tightly against it by means
of a few downward taps with a mallet.
The struts should not be closer together than 6 feet , otherwise they will
prove a considerable inconvenience to the workmen in the trenches.
3(2) Trenches In Loose Soil:-
Should the looseness of the soil necessitate supports being fixed at closer
intervals than 6 feet the system of timbering shown in Fig.Should be
used. In this case it will be noted that the poling boards are supported by
long horizontal members about 6 by 4 inches, called Walings or Waling
Pieces, which in turn are supported by struts at intervals of 6 feet.

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