Philadelphia, the frst in 1906, the second in 1909. In addi-
tion to the absence o any naturally occurring volcanic rock
in the vicinity, he noted an abundance o fnely pulveri zedsilica. He also observed large quantities o meteoritic iron,
in the orm o globular "shale balls", scattered around the
rim and surrounding plain. The surrounding soil included a
random mixture o meteoritic material and ejected rocks.
For today’s electrical theorists, some o the historicinvestigation is ironic. In 1908 Barringer’s impact expla-
nation ound a vigorous supporter in geologist George P.
Merrill, who closely examined a orm o quartz glass in
the vicinity o the crater. He concluded that this type o quarts could only be produced by intense heat, “similar tothe heat generated by a lightning strike on sand”.
Merrill also pointed to the undisturbed rock beds below
the crater that proved “the orce which created the craterdid not come rom below”.The undisturbed rock beds below the crater contradictthe standard opinion on the event that created the largepit. The report by the Meteor Crater Interactive Learning
Center states: “The meteorite which made it was com-
posed almost entirely o nickel-iron, suggesting that it may
have originated in the interior o a small planet. It was 150eet across, weighed roughly 300,000 tons, and was trav-
eling at a speed o 28,600 miles per hour (12 kilometers
per second) according to the most recent research. Theexplosion created by its impact was equal to 2.5 megatonso TNT, or about 150 times the orce o the atomic bombthat destroyed Hiroshima”. Certainly that is not the kindo event that would leave the rock beds below the crater“undisturbed”.
Merrill’s fndings are the very kind o things that an elec-
tric discharge hypothesis would anticipate. An electricalexplanation o the crater envisions an approaching bolideentering the strongest region o Earth’s electric feld and,under prodigious internal electrical stresses, beginning to
discharge explosively and to ragment. Beore reaching
the surace it is likely to have already blown apart, or thesame reason that comets have exploded millions o milesrom the Sun and the Tunguska bolide exploded high in
the earth’s atmosphere. Another small-scale example o
this eect is the unexpectedly energetic explosion created
by the Deep Impact projectile when it met up with CometTempel 1. Every astronomer who observed the event wasastonished.
In the electrical interpretation, ragments o a bolide
reaching the surace intact will generally be scattered some
distance rom the electrical crater or craters caused by the
The electrical theorists insist that the usual artists’“splatter” picture o an asteroid or meteor impact is un-imaginative and wrong. Not one artistic impression o
this sort has ever included a lightning bolt. That’s because
the artists’ image is based upon a model scientists use toestimate the eects o a mechanical impact. That modelcannot be correct i we live in an electric universe.One reason or believing that the crater was excavated
by an electric discharge is the apparent stratifcation o the
THUNDERBOLTS PICTURE OF THE DAYMeteor Crater in Arizona