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8A Salts - Answer

8A Salts - Answer

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Published by Wong Wai Lun

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Published by: Wong Wai Lun on Nov 15, 2010
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CHAPTER 8: SALT 
ANSWERSActivity 11. ionic compound, hydrogen , acid , metal , ammonium2.
AcidFormula of acidSaltFormulaCationAnion
Hydrochloric acidHClSodium chlorideNaClNa
+
Cl
-
Carbonic acidH
2
CO
3
Potassium carbonateK
2
CO
3
K
+
CO
32-
Sulphuric acidH
2
SO
4
Copper(II) sulphateCuSO
4
Cu
2+
SO
42-
Nitric acidHNO
3
Ammonium nitrateNH
4
NO
3
NH
4+
NO
3-
Nitric acidHNO
3
Magnesium nitrateMg(NO
3
)
2
Mg
2+
NO
3-
Ethanoic acidCH
3
COOHSodium ethanoateCH
3
COONaNa
+
CH
3
COO
-
2. (
any other correct answer can be accepted 
)
SaltUsesBarium sulphate BaSO
4
X-ray ‘meals’ in hospitalCalsium sulphate CaSO
4
Plaster of Paris for broken boneIron sulphate FeSO
4
Iron tablets for anaemia patientAmmonium nitrate NH
4
NO
3
Nitrogenous fertilizer Copper(II) sulphate CuSO
4
FungicideSodium chloride NaClA flavouring agentSodium hydrogen carbonateBaking powder Sodium nitrite NaNO
2
For preserving food/ food preservativeSodium hypochlorite NaOClBleaching agentTin(II) fluoride SnF
2
ToothpasteLead(II) chromate PbCrO
4
Paint for yellow line on road
Activity 2
1. sodium, potassium and ammonium.2. nitrate3. lead(II), barium and calcium sulphate4. lead(II), argentums and mercury(I) chloride5. sodium, potassium and ammonium carbonate
6
NoFormula oSaltSolubility (
, X )NoFormula of SaltSolubility (
, X )
1PbCO
3
X
21MgCO
3
X
2NaC
22KC
3CaSO
4
X
23(N
4
 )
SO
4
4AgNO
3
24Cu(NO
3
 )
5
CO
3
25SnCO
3
X
6FeC
3
26CaC
1
 
CHAPTER 8: SALT 
7Na
SO
4
27BaSO
4
X
8NH 
4
NO
3
28KNO
3
9CuSO
4
29A
CO
3
X
10PbC
X
30MgC
11ZnCO
3
X
31ZnSO
4
12Ca(NO
3
 )
32Ba(NO
3
 )
13Na
CO
3
33FeCO
3
X
14AgC
X
34N
4
Cl 
15PbSO
4
X
35Fe(NO
3
 )
3
16Pb(NO
3
 )
36MgSO
4
17(N
4
 )
CO
3
37BaCO
3
X
18HgC
X
38ZnC
19Na
SO
4
39FeSO
4
20NaNO
3
40Mg(NO
3
 )
Activity 3
1. a. metal + acid
 
salt + hydrogen
b. metal oxide (or metal hydroxide) + acid
 
salt + water 
c. alkali + acid
salt + water e. metal carbonate + acid
 
salt + carbon dioxide + water 
2. a. Mg + H
2
SO
4
 
MgSO
4
+ H
2
b. (i) CuO + 2HCl
CuCl
2
+ H
2
O(ii) Zn(OH)
2
+ 2HNO
3
 
Zn(NO
3
)
2
+ 2H
2
Oc. NaOH + HCl
NaCl + H
2
Od. MgCO
3
+ H
2
SO
4
 
CaSO
4
+ CO
2
+ H
2
O3.Method of PreparationReactantsSalt FormedOtheProducta) metal + acidMagnesium +
hydrochloric acid 
Magnesium chloride Hydrogenb) metal oxide + acidCopper(II) oxide + sulphuricacid
Copper(II) sulphatewate
c) metal carbonate +acid
Zinc carbonate + sulphuric acid 
Zinc sulphate Water +
carbondioxide
d) metal hydroxide +acid
Potassium hydroxide + nitric acid 
Potassium nitrate
Water 
e) alkali + acid
Sodium hydroxide +hydrochloric acid 
Sodium chloride
Water 
2
 
CHAPTER 8: SALT 
4.
(a)
Copper(II) sulphate : Copper(II) oxide / hydroxide / carbonate + sulphuric acid
(b)
Zinc chloride: Zinc / (zinc oxide / hydroxide / carbonate) + hydrochloric acid
(c)
Potassium nitrate: potassium hydroxide + nitric acid
(d)
Ammonium sulphate: aqueous ammonia + sulphuric acid
(e)
Magnesium nitrate: Magnesium / (magnesium oxide / hydroxide / carbonate) +nitric acid5. a. Mg
(s)
+ 2H
+
 
(aq)
 
Mg
2+
 
(aq)
+ H
2
(g)b. MgO
(s)
+ 2H
+
 
(aq)
 
Mg
2+
 
(aq)
+ H
2
O (l)c. OH
-
 
(aq)
+ H
+
 
(aq)
 
H
2
O
(l)
d. CuCO
3
 
(s)
+ 2H
+
 
(aq)
 
Cu
2+
 
(aq)
+ CO
2
 
(g)
+ H
2
O
(l)
Activity 4Name of solution : sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acidChemical equation : NaOH + HCl
NaCl + H
2
OProcedure :
1.
A pipette is used to transfer 25.0
3
cm
of sodium hydroxide solution to a conical flask. 2 to 3drops of phenolphthalein is added.
2.
A burette is filled with hydrochloric acid and record the initial burette reading.
3.
Titration is carried out carefully by slowly adding the acid into the conical flask and the flask isshaken well.
4.
The acid is added continuously until the indicator turns from pink to colourless. The final burettereading is recorded.
5.
The volume of acid used to neutralize 25.0
3
cm
of the alkali is determined. (let the volume be V
3
cm
)
6.
25.0
3
cm
of the same sodium hydroxide solution is pipetted into a conical flask. No indicator isaddeded.
7.
From the burette, exactly V
3
cm
of hydrochloric acid is added to the alkali and is shaken well.
8.
The contents of the conical flask is poured into an evaporating dish.
9.
The solution is heated gently to evaporate most of the water to produce a saturated solution.
10.
The hot saturated salt solution is cooled for crystallization to occur.
11.
The sodium chloride crystals is filtered, and the salt is rinsed with a little distilled water.
12.
The crystals are dried by pressing them between filter papers
Salt crystal characteristic
Flat surfaces, straight edges and sharp angles
Fixed geometrical shape
Fixed angles between two neighbouring surfaces
3

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