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9A Manufactured Substances in Industry - Answer

9A Manufactured Substances in Industry - Answer

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Published by Wong Wai Lun

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Published by: Wong Wai Lun on Nov 15, 2010
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CHAPTER 9 Manufactured substances in industryANSWERActivityNo.Answe
11(a)Contact Process2(b)Sulphur dioxide(c ) 2SO
2
+ O
2
 
à
2SO
3
(d) Vanadium (V) oxide(e) 450 - 550
o
C(f) 1 atm(g) SO
3
, H
2
S
2
O
7
,(h) H
2
S
2
O
7
, 2H
2
SO
4
3Fertilisers ,detergent ,pesticides, synthetic fibrepaint pigment, electrolyte in lead acid accumulator 4Sulphur dioxideLung diseaseAcid rain5a) (i) Sulphur dioxide from the factoryToxic waste from the factory(ii) • Sulphur dioxide combine with rain water to produceacid rain.• Acid rain causes lakes and rivers to be acidic which causesfish and other aquatic organisms to die.(iii) toxic waste caused fishes and aquatic organisms died.21Nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas2 (i)N
2
+ 3H
2
↔ 2NH
3
(ii)Iron powde450 – 550
o
C,200-500 atm1:33 Fertilisers2NH
3
+ H
2
SO
4
à
(NH
4
)
2
SO
4
Nitric acid(c) coagulation4Colourless,solublepungent,alkaline
1
 
ActivityNo.Answe
5
i)
(a) (NH
4
)
3
PO
4
(b) NH
4
NO
3
(c ) (NH
4
)
2
SO
4
(ii) (NH
4
)
3
PO
4
 3(14) / 3(14) + 12(1) + 31 + 4(16) x 100 = 28.19%NH
4
NO
3
2(14) / 14 + 4(1) + 14 + 3(16) x 100 = 35.00%(NH
4
)
2
SO
4
2(14) / 2(14) + 8(1) + 32 + 4(16) x 100 = 21.21%ii)Ammonium nitratePercentage of nitrogen is the highest.3
Haber Process
N
2
+ 3H
2
 
à
2NH
3
Hidrogen, Nitrogen450 – 550
o
C200 – 500 atmIron powder 
Properties
ColourlessPungent smellWeak alkaliVery soluble in water 
Uses
Manufacture of fertilizersManufacture of nitric acids
Test
Turn moist red litmus blue.Form white fumes with HCl gas.
Reaction
React with acid to produce ammonium saltReact with metal ions to produce metal hydroxide41mixture of a pure metal with other metals in fixed quantities.2Ductile , malleableThe layers of atom can slide over each other 3Disrupt the orderly,Sliding
2
 
ActivityNo.Answe
4
 
5hardness, strengthcorrosionappearance6Steel, (ii) carbon(iii) Pewter, (iv) tin(v)Coppe(vi) Zinc(vii) Magnesium, (viii) Aircraft body frame, racing car tyre rim.51Long chain molecule, monome2Polymerisation3
Naturally Occurring polymers
ProteinCarbohydratesNatural rubber 
Synthetic Polimers
PlasticFibresSynthetic rubbers4Polyethylene - ethenePolypropylene - propenePolyvinylchloride chloroethenePolystyrene – phenylethenePerspex – methymethacrylateTeflon – tetraflouroethene5Polyethylene – plastic bags, plastic toys, plastic containers.Polypropylene – plastic bottles, ropes, plastic chairsPolyvinylchloride – water pipes, shoes, artificial leathers.Polystyrene – Packaging materials, heat insulators.Perspex – safety glass, air plane windows.Teflon – coating for non stick pan.61Silica
3

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