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CINEMATICA-ELEMENTOS

CINEMATICA-ELEMENTOS

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Published by ejespinozab
UNIDAD EDUCATIVA SAN FELIPE NERI Educador Ignaciano: Ing. Edgar J. Espinoza B.

FISICA 2 010 – 2 011 Primer Año de Bachillerato

CINEMATICA
La descripción del movimiento
El tiempo se inventó para evitar que todo ocurra en un mismo instante. El espacio se inventó para que no todo le ocurra a usted. Anónimo. Por un momento piense en cosas en movimiento. La gente camina, corre y monta en bicicleta. La Tierra rota una vez cada día y da una vuelta alrededor del sol una vez cada año. El sol también ro
UNIDAD EDUCATIVA SAN FELIPE NERI Educador Ignaciano: Ing. Edgar J. Espinoza B.

FISICA 2 010 – 2 011 Primer Año de Bachillerato

CINEMATICA
La descripción del movimiento
El tiempo se inventó para evitar que todo ocurra en un mismo instante. El espacio se inventó para que no todo le ocurra a usted. Anónimo. Por un momento piense en cosas en movimiento. La gente camina, corre y monta en bicicleta. La Tierra rota una vez cada día y da una vuelta alrededor del sol una vez cada año. El sol también ro

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Published by: ejespinozab on Nov 16, 2010
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02/20/2013

 
ROMNFN BNREF^MSF UFO CBDM\B OBZM
CMUMEF
: <6< ― : <66
 
Bnrefniz Mkofemfoi7
Mok/ Bnkfz G/ Bu|moiwf J/
\zmhbz Föi nb Jfe`mddbzf~i6
EMOBHF^MEF
Df nbuezm|emõo nbd hismhmbo~i
Bd ~mbh|i ub mosbo~õ |fzf bsm~fz vrb ~ini ierzzf bo ro hmuhimou~fo~b/ Bd bu|femi ub mosbo~õ |fzf vrb oi ~ini db ierzzf f ru~bn/
Foõomhi
/
\iz ro hihbo~i |mboub bo eiufu bo hismhmbo~i/ Df kbo~b efhmof$eizzb } hio~f bo jmemedb~f/ Df ^mbzzf zi~f rof sbw efnf nèf } nf rofsrbd~f fdzbnbniz nbd uid rof sbw efnf föi/ Bd uid ~fhjmío zi~f eio df sèfdæe~bf$ df erfd f ur sbw ~fhjmío ub hrbsb nbo~zi nb ur kzr|i diefd nbkfdfpmfu/ Eihi bd hismhmbo~i bu eih÷o f ~infu dfu eiufu nbd romsbzui$roi nb diu ef|è~rdiu nbd erzui nb Cèumef bu bd bu~rnmi nbd hismhmbo~i/
Df HBEFOMEF
bu df zfhf nb df Cèumef vrb ub ier|f nbd bu~rnminbd hismhmbo~i nb diu erbz|iu
(kzfonbu i |bvrböiu-
$ bu~fjdbembonidfu db}bu } |zi|mbnfnbu vrb diu zmkbo$ fuè eihi df of~rzfdbwf nb dfu efrufu vrb diu |zinrebo/
Bu~b bu~rnmi |rbnb `febzub f niu omsbdbu76/
 
Ro omsbd nbuezm|~msi$ bo bd erfd mo~bzbuf umh|dbhbo~b nb~bzhmofz bd bu~fni nb hismhmbo~i nb diuerbz|iu$:/
 
Ro omsbd bp|dmef~msi$ vrb |bzhm~b nb~bzhmofz dfu efrufu vrb |zisiefo bd hismhmbo~i nb diu erbz|iu1bu~i mh|dmef fdki hæu |zicroni } |iz ~fo~i hæu eih|dbgi/\iz bddi$ df hbeæomef urbdb nmsmnmzub bo ~zbu kzfonbu zfhfu7
 
DF EMOBHF^MEF
7
(df |fdfjzf
emobhæ~mef
|zismbob nbd siefjdi kzmbki
amobhf
 $ vrb umkomcmef
hismhmbo~i
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Df EMOBHF^MEF
 
ub boefzkfnf nb nbuezmjmz bd hismhmbo~i nb diu erbz|iu f~zfsíu nbd ~mbh|i$ umo |zbu~fz f~boemõo f dfu efrufu
(crbzwfu-
vrb di |zinrebo })i hinmcmefo/
 
DF NMOFHMEF ub boefzkf nb bu~rnmfz dfu db}bu } |zi|mbnfnbu vrb bp|dmefo bd hismhmbo~i nbdiu erbz|iu$ f |fz~mz nb dfu efrufu vrb di |zinrebo
/
(Bu nbemz nb df zbdfemõo efruf ― hismhmbo~i-/
 
 
DF BU^F^MEF ub boefzkf nbd bu~rnmi nb dfu db}bu } eionmemiobu vrb nbjbo erh|dmz diu erbz|iu|fzf boeio~zfzub bo bu~fni nb bvrmdmjzmi/
 
Bu~b ef|è~rdi erjzb df emobhæ~mef bo rof nmhboumõo } zbnreb df nbuezm|emõo nbd hismhmbo~i f uru~ízhmoiu umh|dbu eioumnbzfoni bd hismhmbo~i bo dèobf zbe~f/\iz rof erbu~mõo nb umh|dmemnfn bu hr} eiosbombo~b bh|bwfz bd bu~rnmi eio df nbuezm|emõo nbd bu~fni nbdhismhmbo~i nb diu erbz|iu/Bu cæemd zbeioiebz bd hismhmbo~i$ |bzi oi bu ~fo cæemd nbuezmjmzdi/ ^iniu~bobhiu rof mhfkbo nb di vrb umkomcmef hisbzub i vrb erfdvrmbz ijgb~i ubhrbsf$ fd nbemz HISMHMBO^I hre`fu mnbfu smbobo f orbu~zf hbo~b$ |izbgbh|di7
 
Dfu fe~msmnfnbu nmfzmfu vrb zbfdmwfhiu/
 
Ro smfgb bo jru i fsmõo/
 
Ro |fubi bo jmemedb~f i hi~i/
 
Bd cdrgi nb dfu fkrfu nb ro zèi/
 
Diu æzjidbu fkm~fniu |iz bd smbo~i$ b~e/@f} fdkrofu eiufu vrb ~mbobo bo eih÷o bu~fu mnbfu$ } vrb uio mo~bzbufo~bu |fzf dikzfz rof nbuezm|emõonbd hismhmbo~i/
 
ROMNFN BNREF^MSF UFO CBDM\B OBZM
CMUMEF
: <6< ― : <66
 
Bnrefniz Mkofemfoi7
Mok/ Bnkfz G/ Bu|moiwf J/
\zmhbz Föi nb Jfe`mddbzf~i:
Bd krb|fzni sf f ~ini kfdi|b/ Bu bd hæu zæ|mni nb ~iniu diu fomhfdbu~bzzbu~zbu$ } |rbnb fdefowfz sbdiemnfnbu nb `fu~f 665 ah)` (;<$:6hmddfu)`izf-/Df mh|zbumõo nb hismhmbo~i bu ~fo hfzefnf bo bu~f ci~ikzfcèf$ vrbefum |inbhiu ubo~mz bd |fui nbd fmzb/ Umo bhjfzki$ bu~f uboufemõo nbhismhmbo~i bu rof mdrumõo/Bd hismhmbo~i ub nf bo bd ^MBH\I$ |bzi df ci~i uõdi |rbnb —EIOKBDFZ‘ ro MOU^FO^B/ Sbzbhiu vrb umo df nmhboumõo nbd ~mbh|i$ |zæe~mefhbo~bbu mh|iumjdb nbuezmjmz bd hismhmbo~i/Df nbuezm|emõo nbd hismhmbo~i mh|dmef zb|zbubo~fz ro hroni movrmb~i/ Ofnf bu~æ |bzcbe~fhbo~b mohõsmd/Bd bu~rnmfo~b |inzèf ubo~fzub$ f|fzbo~bhbo~b bo zb|iui$ |bzi ur ufokzb cdr}b$ } bd fmzb bo~zf } ufdb nburu |rdhiobu/ Bd fmzb ub eih|iob nb hidíerdfu nb kfu vrb ub hrbsbo eio nmcbzbo~b zf|mnbw } bonmcbzbo~bu nmzbeemiobu/ ]$ frovrb bp|bzmhbo~b zb|iui (i vrmb~rn-$ bd bu~rnmfo~b$ ur umddf$ df efuf i bdbnmcmemi bo vrb bu~æ } bd fmzb vrb zbu|mzf bu~æo kmzfoni bo bd bu|femi gro~i eio df ^mbzzf$ |fz~b nb roumu~bhf uidfz bo rof kfdfpmf nb hismhmbo~i bu|mzfd nbo~zi nb ro romsbzui bo bp|foumõo/
BU\FEMI ] ^MBH\I
Bo efnf mhfkbo diu hismhmbo~iu ierzzbo bo ro BUEBOFZMI$ vrb eio~mbob ~iniu diu ijgb~iu } bo|fz~merdfz bd ijgb~i vrb ddfhf orbu~zf f~boemõo |iz ur hismhmbo~i/ Bu~b buebofzmi ~ihf bd oihjzb nbBU\FEMI$ bo bd hmuhi vrb bpmu~b rof mocmomnfn nb drkfzbu/ I~zf efzfe~bzèu~mef nbd bu|femi bu vrb bu~zmnmhboumiofd$ bu~i di |bzemjmhiu |iz vrb `f} drkfzbu vrb bu~æo f~zæu i fnbdfo~b$ fzzmjf i fjfgi$ f dfmwvrmbznf i f df nbzbe`f/Efnf ijgb~i (æzjidbu$ efufu$ sb`èerdiu$ efzzb~bzfu$ |bzuiofu$ b~e/- ~mbob rof rjmefemõo bu|bemfd bo bdbuebofzmi$ bo i~zfu |fdfjzfu ier|f ro drkfz |fz~merdfz nbd bu|femi/Bd BU\FEMI bu bd buebofzmi nionb ierzzbo ~iniu diu bsbo~iu (cboõhboiu cèumeiu- } ub ur|iob vrb ~infudfu db}bu cèumefu ub erh|dbo zmkrziufhbo~b bo ~infu dfu zbkmiobu nb bub bu|femi/Dfu mnbfu nb hismhmbo~i$ eiou~m~r}bo ro eiogro~i nb bsbo~iu iznbofniu roi f eio~morfemõo nb i~ziu(ufdki nb df efuf$ ~ihi bd jru$ ddbki fd eidbkmi$ b~e/-$ } |fzf iznbofzdiu bu obebufzmi ufjbz vrí bsbo~iierzzb |zmhbzi } vrí bsbo~i nbu|ríu1 bu~fu mnbfu7 fo~bu$ f`izf } nbu|ríu bu~æo zbdfemiofniu eio roembz~i iznbo ezioidõkmei$ bu nbemz ub zbdfemiofo eio df oiemõo nb ^MBH\I/ Fd mkrfd vrb bd bu|femi$ bd~mbh|i ~mbob embz~fu |zi|mbnfnbu bu romnmzbeemiofd$ di vrb umkomcmef vrb oi |inbhiu be`fz f~zæu nbunb robsbo~i f roi fo~bzmiz$ |iz i~zi dfni bu eio~mori/Bd ^MBH\I bu bd mo~bzsfdi nb nrzfemõo nb ro bsbo~i/I~zf eioedrumõo f df vrb |inbhiu ddbkfz bu vrb bd bu|femi } bd ~mbh|i bu~æo èo~mhfhbo~b zbdfemiofniu$oi |inbhiu `fjdfz nb roi idsmnæonioiu nbd i~zi/Fdkroiu ijgb~iu bu~æo efhjmfoni nb rjmefemõo bo bd bu|femi$ |fzf vrb bu~b efhjmi ierzzf ub zbvrmbzbvrb ~zfouerzzf ro df|ui nb ~mbh|i/Bo~ioebu1 ¹Vrí bu HISMHMBO^I9
HISMHMBO^I bu bd efhjmi nb |iumemõo vrb urczbo diu erbz|iu fd ~zfouerzzmz bd ~mbh|i/
Bd hismhmbo~i |rbnb nbuezmjmzub bo |fz~b bu|bemcmefoni
vrí ~fo dbgiu
smfgf fdki fd efhjmfz nb |iumemõo1bu nbemz$ vrí nmu~foemf zbeizzb/ NMU^FOEMF bu umh|dbhbo~b df
diokm~rn ~i~fd nbd ~zf}be~i
zbeizzmni fdhisbzub nb ro drkfz f i~zi/\bzi$ ¹Vrí umkomcmef nbuezmjmz bd bu~fni nb hismhmbo~i nb diu erbz|iu9 ¹Eõhi ub |rbnb nbuezmjmz bdhismhmbo~i9 ¹Vrí obebum~fhiu |fzf `febzdi9Nbuezmjmz bd hismhmbo~i nb diu erbz|iu bu eih|zbonbz } bp|dmefz7
 
¹Vrí ~m|i nb hismhmbo~i bu9
 
¹Eõhi ub hrbsb9
 
¹@femf nõonb ub hrbsb } eio vrí sbdiemnfn ub hrbsb9
 
¹Nõonb bu~fjf fd momemi } nõonb ub boerbo~zf fd cmofd nbd hismhmbo~i9
 
¹Vrí nmu~foemf zbeizzb } eræd bu ur nbu|dfwfhmbo~i9
 
ROMNFN BNREF^MSF UFO CBDM\B OBZM
CMUMEF
: <6< ― : <66
 
Bnrefniz Mkofemfoi7
Mok/ Bnkfz G/ Bu|moiwf J/
\zmhbz Föi nb Jfe`mddbzf~i5
 
¹Eræd bu ur sbdiemnfn hbnmf9
 
¹@rji i oi efhjmi nb nmzbeemõo9
 
¹Eræoni } nõonb ub nb~mbob9
 
¹Eræd crb ur febdbzfemõo9
 
¹Nõonb$ eræoni } vrí sbdiemnfn ~mbobo diu erbz|iu erfoni e`iefo i ub ezrwfo9
 
¹Eræoni fdefowf ur fd~rzf hæpmhf9
 
¹Eræd bu ur fdefoeb `izmwio~fd9
 
¹Eio vrí sbdiemnfn } bo vrb nmzbeemõo e`ief erfoni ddbkf fd urbdi9Bd hismhmbo~i bu roi nb diu cboõhboiu ei~mnmfoiu vrb ierzzb f orbu~zi fdzbnbniz$ moedrui df of~rzfdbwfoiu |zbubo~f hismhmbo~iu nb cæemd ijubzsfemõo/Eiocizhb ub bp|iobo fdkroiu cboõhboiu vrb ierzzbo hr} f hborni bo bd eiosmsmz nmfzmi mzbhiuzbu|ionmboni f bu~fu movrmb~rnbu/ \fzf nbuezmjmz fnberfnfhbo~b bd hismhmbo~i nb diu erbz|iu$ nbjbhiueih|zbonbz diu bdbhbo~iu vrb mo~bzsmbobo/
BDBHBO^IU NB DF EMOBHF^MEF
 
BD UMU^BHF NB ZBCBZBOEMF
Erfoni nbuezmjmhiu bd hismhmbo~i nb ro erbz|i$ di `febhiu umbh|zb ~ihfoni eihi zbcbzboemf i~ziuerbz|iu vrb oi ub hrbsbo i vrb$ fd hboiu bo f|fzmboemf$ fuè di |fzbeb/ Bu~iu erbz|iu eiou~m~r}bo bdUmu~bhf nb Zbcbzboemf/
Umu~bhf nb Zbcbzboemf bu ro |ro~i i eiogro~i nb |ro~iu eio zbdfemõo fd erfd ub nbuezmjb bdhismhmbo~i nb ro erbz|i/
Bd umu~bhf nb zbcbzboemf |bzhm~b bu~fjdbebz df rjmefemõo nb i~zi erbz|i$ bo ro mou~fo~b nfni/Ro erbz|i ub hrbsb um efhjmf ur |iumemõo zbu|be~i fd umu~bhf nb zbcbzboemf$ bo efui eio~zfzminbemhiu vrb bu~æ bo zb|iui/Df nbuezm|emõo nbd hismhmbo~i nb|bonb nbd umu~bhf nb zbcbzboemf eio zbu|be~i fd erfd ub db nbcmof/ Boefnf foædmumu bd umu~bhf nb zbcbzboemf ub eioumnbzf cmgi/ Nb hini kbobzfd$ ub `febo diu bu~rnmiu~ihfoni eihi zbcbzboemf df ^mbzzf i ubf |fzf ro ijubzsfniz mohõsmd bo df ur|bzcmemb nb df ^mbzzf/Df nbuezm|emõo nbd hismhmbo~i oi ~mbob omok÷o ubo~mni umo ro —ijubzsfniz‘ (|bzuiof vrb sf fnbuezmjmz bd hismhmbo~i-$ vrmbo bu~æ boefzkfni nb `febz niu ~m|iu nb hbnmemiobu cronfhbo~fdbu7f/
 
Hmnb nmu~foemfu } nmzbeemiobu$j/
 
Hmnb mo~bzsfdiu nb ~mbh|i/F ~zfsíu nb bu~fu hbnmnfu dikzf zb|zbubo~fz ~infu dfu hfkom~rnbu vrb ub nbcmobo bo df Hbeæomef/Bu~b ijubzsfniz bu~fzæ rjmefni bo fdk÷o drkfz bo bd bu|femi$ bd hmuhi vrb ub zb|zbubo~f bo df Cèumef$|iz ro
|ro~i
/\fzf |inbz ddbsfz f efji bu~fu hbnmnfu ub zbvrmbzb bu|bemcmefz$ |iz |fz~b nbd ijubzsfniz$ i~zi drkfz i|ro~i nbd bu|femi vrb zb|zbubo~f rof zbcbzboemf zbu|be~i f df erfd ub `fzæo dfu hbnmnfu nbdiokm~rnbu i nmu~foemfu/\bzi ~fhjmío ub zbvrmbzb bu|bemcmefz rof zbcbzboemf |fzf zb|zbubo~fz dfu nmzbeemiobu/Bo erfo~i f df hbnmemõo nbd ~mbh|i bu obebufzmi bu~fjdbebz ro mou~fo~b vrb ubzæ df zbcbzboemf |fzf dfhbnmnf nb diu mo~bzsfdiu nb ~mbh|i/ Bu~b —mou~fo~b‘$ bu~æ zbdfemiofni f ro bsbo~i |fz~merdfz vrbierzzf bo bd |zijdbhf/Bd |ro~i nionb ub boerbo~zf bd ijubzsfniz |rbnb eimoemnmz eio bd |ro~i nb zbcbzboemf1 |iz ~fo~i$ nbf`izf bo fnbdfo~b ub eioumnbzf vrb bo bd izmkbo nbd umu~bhf nb eiiznbofnfu bu~æ ~fhjmío bdijubzsfniz/Ubk÷o di bp|rbu~i$ ub |rbnb nbcmomz eihi
UMU^BHF NB ZBCBZBOEMF fd eiogro~i cizhfni |izro umu~bhf nb eiiznbofnfu } ro ~mbh|i nb zbcbzboemf fuiemfni f ro ijubzsfniz
/ Ur croemõo bu`febz |iumjdb dfu hbnmemiobu nb nmu~foemfu$ nmzbeemiobu b mo~bzsfdiu nb ~mbh|i/

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