is published quarterly by theNational Environmental Services Centerat West Virginia University,P.O. Box 6064, Morgantown, WV 26506-6064
The contents of this newsletter do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,nor does the mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.
is funded through a grant from theU.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.Steve Hogye —
Municipal Support Division,Office of Wastewater ManagementNational Small Flows ClearinghouseWest Virginia University, Morgantown, WVRick Phalunas —
Interim Executive Director
Marilyn Noah —
Jennifer Hause —
Clement Solomon —
John Fekete —
Senior Graphic Designer
Jamie Bouquot —
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An example of a possible aerobic unit design
Adapted with permission from Pennsylvania State University College of Agriculture Extension Service
Aerobic systems treat wastewater using natural processes thatrequire oxygen. Bacteria thatthrive in oxygen-rich environ-ments break down and digest thewastewater inside the aerobictreatment unit as they are sus-pended in the liquid.Like most onsite systems, aerobicsystems treat the wastewater instages. Sometimes the wastewater receives pretreatment before itenters the aerobic unit, and thetreated wastewater leaving theunit requires additional treat-ment or disinfection before beingreturned to the environment.Such a variety of designs existsfor home aerobic units andsystems that it is impossible todescribe a typical system. Instead,it is more practical to discuss howsome common design features of aerobic systems work and the dif-ferent stages of aerobic treatment.