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Jersey Fact Sheet

Jersey Fact Sheet

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Published by Jersey Journey
A helpful fact sheet to help you land easily in Jersey
A helpful fact sheet to help you land easily in Jersey

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Published by: Jersey Journey on Nov 16, 2010
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FACT SHEETLOCATION:100 miles (160 km) south of mainland Britain, 14 miles (20 km) from the Normandy coast of France, situated in the bay of St Malo. The distancesfrom St Helier Harbour to the other Channel Islands are as follows: Guernsey -26 miles (41.84km); Sark - 22 miles (35.40 km); Alderney - 45 miles (72.42 km)SIZE:Jersey is 9 miles (14.49 km) East to West x 5 miles (8.05km) north to South, 45 square miles, (116 km square) 360 miles (580 km) of roadway, including anetwork of over 47 miles (76km) of Green Lanes where there is a speed limit of15mph (24kph) and priority is given to walkers, cyclists and horse riders. Cyclists can also delight in 100 miles (160 km) of cycle routes, ranging from coastal to rural.POPULATION:Jersey has a resident population 90,800 which consists of approx50% Jersey, 30% British, 6% Portuguese, 10% Eastern Europe and 4% other. Approximately one third of the population live in St Helier.CLIMATE:Jersey is the most southerly of the Channel Islands consequentlyhas the best sunshine record in the British Isles. Warmed by the nearby Gulf Stream, summer temperatures average 20C, in winter it rarely goes below freezing.CURRENCY:Sterling. Jersey has its own coins and notes, the equivalent ofEnglish money, which is also freely accepted, as are UK cheques, supported by abanker’s card, and most credit cards. Money can be exchanged at banks and Bureauxde Change. Euros are not widely accepted, cheques in Euros are treated as foreign cheques.LANGUAGE:English speaking, though the languages of Jersey have also included Latin, Breton, Norman French, and latterly Jersey Norman French. Known as Jerriais, it is a blend of Norse and Norman French and is still often spoken by locals (Jersiais) in country parishes. Until the 1960
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s the official language wasFrench and it is still used by the court and legal professions.PASSPORTS:British Citizens and those of the Irish Republic do not requirepassports or entry visas for travel between their respective countries and Jersey. Passports are required for excursions to France. Other EU citizens require ID cards for travel to Jersey. Citizens from non-EU countries will need a passport and should check before travelling to the Island to see if a visa is required.TRANSPORT:Connections with the island are plentiful:By ferry: Condor Ferries operate fast ferry services to/from Guernsey and the south of England: Poole and Weymouth, plus a traditional ferry service from Portsmouth.From Europe; Fast ferries are operated out of St Malo in Brittany, France, by Condor Ferries and passenger only by Corsaire. Manche Iles Express operates passenger only services from France out of Carteret and Granville in Normandy, and from Jersey to the other Channel Islands.By air: Scheduled/charter flights operate from; The other Channel Islands of Guernsey & Alderney, 30 UK airports inc Jet 2 and Belfast from N.I. and the European airports of; France – Paris, Charles de Gaulle & Nice (Flybe), Netherlands – Rotterdam (VLM CityJet). Germany – Düsseldorf (Air Berlin and Lufthansa) Hanover & Frankfurt (TUI Wolters charter), Ireland –Dublin & Cork( Aer Lingus), Switzerland –Zurichand Geneva (Blue Islands) year round.On island services: Connex island bus service; blue buses, operate from the busstation in St Helier. A summer leisure service - Island Explore offers 4 routes
 
covering attractions, beaches and places of interest from April – early November.Taxis are available from ranks at the airport and St Helier or by private hire;taxis cannot be hailed in Jersey. In addition there are coach tours and Le Petit Train guided town & St Aubins Bay tours. Cycle hire is available in St Helierand St Aubin.SPEED LIMIT:The maximum speed limit is 40 miles per hour (64 km); however some areas are restricted to 30, 20, and 15 mph on green lanes. (48, 32, and 24kmper hour)NO SMOKING POLICY:It is illegal to smoke in most indoor places other thanprivate homes. This includes restaurants, cafés, hotels, pubs, shops, public transport, hospitals and all clubs.ANIMALS:There are no quarantine regulations for the transportation of domestic animals between mainland Britain and Jersey. Quarantine restrictions apply for all other countries, although a “Pets Passport” travel scheme exists which permits animals to be brought into the island as long as strict guidelines are adhered to. Further information available from the RVA on 00 44 (1534) 601690.LICENSING HOURS:At the discretion of the proprietors public bars are opento persons over age 18 Weekdays 9am – 11pm, Sunday, Christmas Day and Good Friday11am - 11pm.Children under age 18 are allowed in up to 9pm if accompanied by an adult. Drinking and driving is not permitted - the maximum legal limit is 80mg ofalcohol per 100ml of blood as in the UK.SHOPPING:The markets are open from 0730 – 1730 (closed on Thursday afternoon), otherwise normal shopping hours apply, 9.00am - 5.30pm Monday to Saturday. During summer months some shops are open in the evenings. High Street shops areclosed on SundaysPUBLIC HOLIDAYS:Jersey has the same public holidays as the UK, with an additional holiday on May 9 for Liberation Day.Main Holidays 2010: New Year 1st January; Good Friday 2nd April; Easter Monday5th April; May Bank Holiday 3rd May; Liberation Day 9th May; Spring Bank Holiday 31st May; Summer Bank Holiday 30th August; Christmas Day 25th December; Boxing Day 26th DecemberCUSTOMS:On re-entering European Union member countries from the ChannelIslands, the customs allowance is:200 cigarettes OR 100 cigarillos OR 50 cigars OR 250 grams of tobacco.1 litre of distilled beverages and spirits OR 4 litres of sparkling or fortified wines AND 4 litres of other wines.60 cc/ml perfume250 cc/ml eau de toilette£340 worth of other goodsHISTORY:800 million years ago, shale, the oldest rocks in Jersey, were formed; the Jersey war tunnels were hewn out of shale as it was easier to work than the later formed much harder granites. The much prettier pink granites, as seen on the South west coast and dramatic cliffs of the North west coast, were used to build the traditional farm houses such as those at Hamptonne Country life museum and The Elms.A volcanic eruption off the North coast formed rocks which, once weathered, produced a very fertile soil in which, together with rich soils blown in from France, the famous Jersey Royal Potatoes are grown today.
 
.The Channel Islands were originally part of a land mass which included France and England. During four ice ages sea levels rose and dropped many times cutting off the higher rocks, leaving islands. Between these periods Jersey was used by Neolithic man passing through from what is now France and England hunting woollymammoth. Remains of this activity 250,000 years, when they used caves at La Cotte, can be seen in the Jersey Museum. Jersey finally became and island for the last time 8000 years ago, 2000 years after Guernsey. Many dolmens remain from thishis period.The first settlers were farmers from Brittany who arrived 700. The Normans madethe greatest impact on the Channel Islands when they were annexed to the Duchy of Normandy in the 933 by William Longswood, Duke of Normandy. In 1066 when William the Conqueror, of Normandy, gained the English crown, after defeating the English at the Battle of Hastings, the Channel Islands became part of the Anglo-Norman realm. In the 9th Century the Vikings arrived for short transient period.In 1204 King John, of England, lost Normandy back to the French, the islanders had to choose either to be loyal to Normandy or remain loyal to the English crown. They chose the latter and gained rights and privileges which are still current today including freedom from UK taxes. The constitutional relationship with the UK is the product of 900 years of custom and usage and is not affected by changes of government in the UK. This relationship has been confirmed by successiveRoyal Charters that have secured the independence of the Island
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s judicial system from the English courts. Today Jersey is termed a “Peculiar of the Crown”.During the 100 years war the island was attacked many times even occupied by theFrench for two years in 1380, then again for seven years 1461-1468 during the War of the Roses. Over centuries the island has fought off many invasions. In 1781 the last French attack took place, when French troops attempted to take overthe island under the leadership of Baron du Rullecourt. However, a young Englishofficer, Major Peirson, led the local militia to victory at "The Battle of Jersey” in Jersey
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s Royal Square, in which sadly both officers were killed. Visit Elizabeth castle for Jersey Militia.In 1940 the Island was again attacked, this time by the Germans. During WWII theChannel Islands were the only part of Great Britain to be occupied by the Germans this lasted for 5 years until the Liberation on 9th May 1945. Many people left the island, prior the occupation, and others were deported during this very difficult period.During five years rationing and serious shortages of supplies gave rise to ingenious and even bizarre substitutes for all manner of everyday items. These included acorn coffee, pea pod tea, rose leaf tobacco, potato peelings soup, and improvised bicycle tyres made out of old hose pipes. The Jersey War tunnels tell thestory.GOVERNMENT:The Bailiwick of Jersey is a dependency of the British Crown, owing allegiance to the crown, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth, but not the UK parliament. It is not part of Great Britain but is part of the British Isles. The Island has its own legislative assembly called the "States of Jersey", a system of local administration, fiscal and legal systems and courts of law. It is self governing in internal matters and only reliant on the UK government for defence andoverseas representation. The UK government is also largely responsible for international affairs on behalf of Jersey although the island is increasingly negotiating on its own behalf. UK Acts of Parliament only apply to the Island if it isexpressly agreed locally that they should do so.The constitution of the “States of Jersey” is the Bailiff, the Lieutenant Governor,the Dean of Jersey, the Attorney General and Solicitor General, together with 12

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