Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
5Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Bio Notes

Bio Notes

Ratings: (0)|Views: 172|Likes:
Published by Smiles
Grade 9 Bio notes
Grade 9 Bio notes

More info:

Published by: Smiles on Nov 16, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/03/2014

pdf

 
 
BiologyNotes
November 8
2010
 
 2Biology NotesCellsPg 17
 –
22Unicellular organism
 –
one cell E.g. AmoebaMulticellular organism
 –
Many cells E.g. AhumanEach cell contains protoplasm; this is made upof:
o
 
Organic Substances
 
Proteins, Carbohydrates, Fats, NucleuicAcids, Enzymes
 
Ponies Canter From North to East
o
 
Inorganic Substances
 
Water, Mineral Salts, Gases
 
Woman Munch GrapesPlant CellsMade up of:Cell Wall
o
 
This is the non-living outer layer of the cell
o
 
Protects the contents of the cell and keeps
the cells’ shape stiff and rigid
 
o
 
Permeable for all soluble substancesVacuole
o
 
Has a membrane with tonoplast
o
 
Contains Cell Sap
 
Cell Sap
 –
Fluids, Sugars, Waste Materials
 
Used to keep the plant firmProtoplasm
o
 
Contains the living parts of the cell
o
 
Made up of 4 parts:
Protoplasm CCNC
 –
Cats Can Not CrawlCellMembrane
Controls what enters and leaves the plantSelectively permeableEncloses the cytoplasm
Cytoplasm
Soft, Jelly like substanceContains all other cell organellesCentre for all other metabolic processes
Nucleus
Has a double membraneControls all vital functions of the cellCarries chromosomes ( genetic features)
Chloroplasts
Oval-Shaped OrganellesContain chlorophyll (green pigment in plants)Chlorophyll is used during photosynthesis to make starch
 
 3Biology NotesAnimal CellsAn Animal Cell consists of:Protoplasm
o
 
Cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleusCell Membrane
o
 
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
o
 
Selectively permeable
o
 
Encloses the cytoplasmCytoplasm
o
 
Has an outer ectoplasm and an innerendoplasm
o
 
Stores nutrientsNucleus
o
 
Has nucleoli in the centre of the nucleus
o
 
Has a double membrane
o
 
Controls all vital functions and the transfer of genetic features in the cell
3 Differences between plant and animal cellsOrganelle
Plant Cell Animal Cell
Cell Shape
Stiff, rigid form Flexible Shape
Cell Wall
Has a cell wall No cell wall
Vacuoles
One or two large permanent vacuoles Small/ NoneFunction and Structure of OrganellesOrganelle Structure Function
EndoplasmicReticulum(ER)
Covered with ribosomeDouble MembraneTransports substances from cell to cell
Ribosome
Small organelle Collects, modifies and makes protein
Golgi Body(dictyosome)
Group of flattened sacs, membranes,tubes, vesiclesProcesses and transport protein
Mitochondrion
Double membraneContains enzymes needed to releaseenergy from glucoseSite for cellular respirationBattery of Cell
Plastids
Leucoplasts, Chromosomes, Chloroplasts Site for photosynthesisStores Starch
Leucoplasts
Convert glucose to starchStores lipids and proteins
Chromoplasts
Determine the color of petals/ fruit
Chloroplasts
Food is produced by photosynthesis
Lysosomes
Membrane surrounded Internal digestive system
Centriole
Small cylinder Involved in chromosome movement
Vacuole
Single outer membrane Stores sucrose and waste products
Nucleus
Double MembraneContain chromosomesControl Vital functions in cellInvolved in cell division andreproduction
Cytoplasm
Jelly-like substance Centre for metabolic processesStores nutrients

Activity (5)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
李花映 liked this
Zulfiqar Ali liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->