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Panchayati Raj

Panchayati Raj

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Published by kaushal kumar gupta

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Published by: kaushal kumar gupta on Nov 16, 2010
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01/09/2013

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Ministry of Panchayati Raj
 
Table of contents
1.An Introduction2.Main features3.Powers and responsibilities4.3-tier system of Panchayati Raja) Village level panchayat b) Block(intermediate) level panchayatc) District level panchayat5. Main Problems6.Reservation for Woman in Panchayati Raj Institutions7.Implications of  constitutional 73rd & 74 Amendment8). Challengesa. Gram Panchayat is not really the lowest unit for implementation b. Lack of capacities at the Gram Panchayat for planning, estimation of worksc. Lack of availability of local line department functionaries/lack of localtechnical skillsd. Lack of informatione. Delays in fund transfer to the Gram Panchayat- low accountability of thehigher institutions.f. Riders for NREGA: Challenges of backward districts9).In conclusion
 
1.An Introduction :-
Panchayats have been the backbone of the Indian villages since the beginning of recorded history. Gandhiji, the father of the nation, in 1946 had aptly remarked thatthe Indian Independence must begin at the bottom and every village ought to be aRepublic or Panchayat having powers. Gandhiji’s dream has been translated intoreality with the introduction of the three-tier Panchayati Raj system to ensure people’s participation in rural reconstruction.The constitution of free India envisaged organization of village Panchayats andendow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them tofunction as units of Local self government.The government of India set up acommittee in June 1986 which recommended the Panchayati Raj institutionsshould be constitutionally recognized, protectedand preserved. Late Shri RajivGandhi's government accepted the recommendationsof the Committee and broughtforward the 64th Constitutional Amendment Bill. But theBill could not beenacted.Panchayati Raj Institutions were constituted in the various states but it could notlive upto the expectations for various reasons. Keeping in view the pastexperiences, it become imperative to provide constitutional status to localselfgovernment to impart certainty, continuity and strength. Thus, the constitution73rd Amendment Act 1992 came into effect which envisages states to establish athree tier system of strong, viable and responsive Panchayats at the village,intermediate and district level.Although, the Panchayati Raj in Rajasthan enjoys good reputation but it could notgo upto many expectations till today i.e., strong, viable and responsive solidarityamong large number of massess.Situation may not improve merely by amendingthe Act, What is to be needed todayis achange in thinking and bringing about asense of consciousness among the people as well as the administrators. Newnormsandethics need to be created for both which will subserve the ideals of 

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