Ann Arbor is a city in the U.S. stateof Michigan and the county seat ofWashtenaw County. It is the state'sseventh largest city with a populationof 114,024 as of the 2000 Census, ofwhich 36,892 (32%) are university orcollege students. The city, which ispart of the Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint,MI CSA, is named after the spouses ofthe city's founders and for the standsof trees in the area.
Ann Arbor was founded in January 1824by John Allen and Elisha Rumsey, bothof whom were land speculators. On May25, 1824, the town plot was registeredwith Wayne County as "Annarbour". Thecity became the seat of WashtenawCounty in 1827, and was incorporatedas a village in 1833. The town becamea regional transportation hub in 1839with the arrival of the Michigan Cen-tral Railroad, and was chartered asa city in 1851. During the 1960s and1970s, the city gained a reputation asa center for liberal politics. Duringthe 20th century, the economy of AnnArbor underwent a gradual shift froma manufacturing base to a service andtechnology base, which accelerated inthe 1970s and 1980s.
Ann Arbor is home to the University ofMichigan, established in 1837. As thedominant institution of higher learn-ing in the city and one of the toppublic universities in the world, theuniversity provides Ann Arbor with adistinct college-town atmosphere. Theuniversity shapes Ann Arbor's economysignificantly as it employs about30,000 workers, including about 7,500in the medical center. The city'seconomy is also centered on high-technology, with several companiesdrawn to the area by the university'sresearch and development money, and byits graduates. On the other hand, AnnArbor has increasingly found itselfgrappling with the effects of sharplyrising land values and gentrification,as well as urban sprawl stretching farinto the outlying countryside.
Many Ann Arbor cultural attractionsand events are sponsored by the Uni-versity of Michigan. Several perform-ing arts groups and facilities are onthe university's campus, as are mu-