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Wax Melting

Wax Melting

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Published by Pradyumna Padukone

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Published by: Pradyumna Padukone on Nov 18, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Wax Melting & Centrifugal CastingAn Introduction To CastingLost wax casting is the most accurate and reliable method of producing fine detail andcomplex shapes over a production run.Sometimes known as investment casting, vacuum casting, centrifugal casting or cire perdue, it is one of the oldest methods of casting in the world dating back more than 5000years.Some of the earliest examples found are dated about 2500BC from the Royal Tombs atUr in Mesopotamia.Although this method has been used in many parts of the world since those early times, itis only in the last 40-50 years that it has been more commonly used in this country.Today, it is confined almost exclusively to the jewellery and dental trades, whose wideuse of noble metals requires the accurate reproduction of the original pattern.Whilst our website is directed towards the jewellery trade, we also supply the dental tradeand other outlets.Related ProductsStep By Step Operations Of Wax Melting &
Centrifugal Casting The EightMain Steps1. Original Pattern Making2. Rubber Mould Making3. Wax Pattern Making4. Investing5. Burnout6. Casting7. Cleaning8. FinishingIllustrated on the left are the basic steps involved in the fascinating lost wax casting process.Any questions or queries you may have about our equipment and its uses can beanswered by our knowledgable personnel in our London, Birmingham or Beckenhamshowrooms.
Centrifugal casting
Centrifugal casting 
is a method of casting parts having axial symmetry. The methodinvolves pouring molten metal into a cylindrical mold spinning about its axis of symmetry.The mold is kept rotating till the metal hassolidified.  As the mold materialsteels, Cast irons,Graphiteor sand may be used. The rotation speed of centrifugal mold is commonly about 1000 RPM (may vary from250 RPM to 3600 RPM).A centrifugal casting machine is schematically presented in the picture:
Centrifugal casting is carried out as follows:
The mold wall is coated by a refractory ceramic coating (applying ceramic slurry,spinning, drying and baking).
Starting rotation of the mold at a predetermined speed.
Pouring a molten metal directly into the mold (nogating system is employed).
The mold is stopped after the casting has solidified.

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