JOURNAL OF COMPUTING, VOLUME 2, ISSUE 10, OCTOBER 2010, ISSN 2151-9617HTTPS://SITES.GOOGLE.COM/SITE/JOURNALOFCOMPUTING/ WWW.JOURNALOFCOMPUTING.ORG
Salient features of the proposed model
The purpose of E Governance is to establishing good gover-nance and have seamless coordination between governmentauthorities, public and business parties. The utilization ofICT may join all three different sectors and support devel-opment and management. Therefore, following are the sa-lient features of the proposed model.
TABLE 1SALIENT FEATURES OF THE PROPOSED MODEL
To provide proper information and awareness to thecitizen about the political practices and choices available.2.
To provide online services and active participation fordifferent citizen services.3.
To utilize ICT in government functions, that providesquick and well-organized communication with thepeople, business and other agencies.4.
To provide better decision-making through greater de-centralization of governance .The proposed model is based on ICT, which may reformorganizational structures in both centralized as well as de-centralized manner. These approaches of E Governmenthave their own set of advantages and disadvantages.
Centralize government initiatives are favorable as portalsand services to reduce cost and integration issues. Centralizegovernment initiatives may share technical, financial andhuman resources. A Single portal access is very useful forany end user because all the information may be centrallyavailable here. There are following features of Centralized EGovernance model.
All government process based on ICTs are centra-lized in one organizational unit.
Generally limited Infrastructural and set up costsbut less effective.
Centralized E Governance models have a single in-terface for its different users and these models couldbe easily enforced.
Decentralized model is required at lower level so that vari-ous projects can be handled saparatelty from initiation toexecutation . There are following features of DecentralizedE Governance model.
All government functions could be distributedamong various divisions or organizations.
Generally has a high coordination cost.
3.1.2 State level Model of E Governance
The State level model is based on the combination of bothcentralized and decentralized approaches. In State level,State government becomes the main coordinator of theproject and lower government offices with their departmentsbecome the partners of that project. Figure 1.2 describes ho-rizontal and vertical interconnections of E Governance.
Fig.2 : Horizontal and Vertical interconnection for E Governance
Certain important decisions are jointly made andthen standardized across the various levels.
Responsibilities as well as capabilities are decentra-lized at different government departments/levels,with infrastructure and output sharing across theState as a system.
Generally, high E Governance set up costs but moreresponsive to stakeholder needs. Higher level com-mittees are formed to manage various Governmentactivities. These committees have authority to con-trol the functioning of large area.Intra-department or horizontal and vertical collaborationsare very essential for success of any E Governance project. Itis very necessary to perform governance functions, shareinformation and deliver services to all stakeholders. Thesecollaborations depend on issues like what are the different