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Intermediate R - Nonlinear Regression in R

Intermediate R - Nonlinear Regression in R

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Published by Vivay Salazar

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Vivay Salazar on Nov 18, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/13/2013

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Nonlinear Regression in R
Violeta I. Bartolome
Senior Associate ScientistPBGB-CRILv.bartolome@cgiar.org
Nonlinear Regression
An extended linear regression techniquein which a nonlinear mathematical modelis used to describe the relationshipbetween the response variable and thepredictor variables.
A nonlinear regression model is a modelthat contains at least one of theparameters in a nonlinear form
Example
εεεε++++αααα====
ββββ
X Y
),0(
2
σσσσεεεε
N
LinearizedNonlinear Model
The linearizedform of the example is:
X Y
logloglog
ββββ++++αααα====
The normality assumption for the error termwill not be appropriate for the linearizedform.
Hence, if a nonlinear model is assumed tobe appropriate for the data, the nonlinear model should be used for the analysisinstead of the linearizedform.
Parameter Estimation
Iterative procedures are used
May require users to supply initialestimates of parameters
User should know the biologicalinterpretation of the parameters toprovide intelligent initial values.
The function getInitial() may also beused.
 
Logistic growth curve
Sample data
Severity represents the number of lesions on the leaf surface,standardized as a proportion of the maximum.
Read and Plot Data
Graph shows a logisticrelationship.Logistic model:
rt
ey
ββββ
++++αααα====
1
Initial values
scalinputxmid
eAsymy
++++====
1
rt
ey
ββββ
++++αααα====
1
SSlogiscreates initial estimates of the parameters Asym,xmid, and scalfrom the model:The model that we are estimating is:
inputtscalscalxmidAsym
============ββββ====αααα
1
Estimate Parameters
 
Check fit of dataOther Non-linear Models
Exponential
εεεε++++====
rx
eyy
0
Other Non-linear Models
Monomolecular 
(((( ))))
εεεε++++====
rx
eyy
0
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