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Roofs 1

# Roofs 1

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09/06/2014

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RoofsRoofs

Ba
sic elements:
Ba
sic elements:
Roof:Roof:
A roof m
ay
be defined
a
s the uppermost p
a
rt of  A roof m
ay
be defined
a
s the uppermost p
a
rt of the building, provided
a
s
a
structur
a
l covering tothe building, provided
a
s
a
structur
a
l covering toprotect the building from we
a
ther.protect the building from we
a
ther.
Le
a
nLe
a
n--toto--roof:roof:
This is the simplest t
y
pe of slopingThis is the simplest t
y
pe of slopingroof provided either for
a
room of sm
a
ll sp
a
n or forroof provided either for
a
room of sm
a
ll sp
a
n or forthe ver
a
nd
a
h.the ver
a
nd
a
h.
G
a
ble roof:G
a
ble roof:
This is the common t
y
pe of sloping roof This is the common t
y
pe of sloping roof which h
a
s slopes in two directions. the two slopeswhich h
a
s slopes in two directions. the two slopesmeet
a
t ridge.meet
a
t ridge.
Hip roof:Hip roof:
This roof is formed b
y
four sloping surf
a
cesThis roof is formed b
y
four sloping surf
a
cesin four directions.in four directions.
G
a
mbrel roof:G
a
mbrel roof:
This roof is like g
a
ble roof, slopes inThis roof is like g
a
ble roof, slopes intwo directions but there is
a
bre
a
k in e
a
ch slope.two directions but there is
a
bre
a
k in e
a
ch slope.

D
eck roof:
D
eck roof: A deck roof h
a
s slopes in
a
ll the four A deck roof h
a
s slopes in
a
ll the fourdirections but
a
deck or pl
a
ne surf
a
ce is formed
a
t thedirections but
a
deck or pl
a
ne surf
a
ce is formed
a
t thetop.top.
Sp
a
n:Sp
a
n:It is the cle
a
r dist
a
nce between the supports of It is the cle
a
r dist
a
nce between the supports of
a
n
a
rch, be
a
m or roof truss.
a
n
a
rch, be
a
m or roof truss.
Rise:Rise:It is the vertic
a
l dist
a
nce between the top of theIt is the vertic
a
l dist
a
nce between the top of theridge
a
nd the w
a
ll pl
a
te.ridge
a
nd the w
a
ll pl
a
te.
Pitch:Pitch:It is the inclin
a
tion of the sides of
a
roof to theIt is the inclin
a
tion of the sides of
a
roof to thehorizont
a
l pl
a
ne.horizont
a
l pl
a
ne.
Ridge:Ridge:It is defined
a
s the
a
pex line of the slopingIt is defined
a
s the
a
pex line of the slopingroof.roof.
E
a
ves:E
a
ves:The lower edge of the inclined roof surf
a
ce isThe lower edge of the inclined roof surf
a
ce isc
a
lled e
a
ves.c
a
lled e
a
ves.
Hip:Hip:It is the ridge formed b
y
the intersection of twoIt is the ridge formed b
y
the intersection of twosloping surf
a
ces.sloping surf
a
ces.