1. THE ORIGIN OF THE DEMOCRATIC IDEALWorld democracy was the secret dream of the great classical philosophers. ...Thousands of years before Columbus they were aware of the existence of ourWestern Hemisphere and selected it to be the site of the philosophic empire. ...The brilliant plan of the Ancients has survived to our time, and it will continue tofunction until the great work is accomplished. ...The American nation desperately needs a vision of its own purpose.
can not refuse the challenge of leadership in the postwar world. Mere physicalreconstruction of ravaged countries and the reorganization of political, economic, and social systems is thelesser task we will face. The larger problem and the great challenge is in how to set up a new order of worldethics firmly established on a foundation of democratic idealism.Experts in various fields have already submitted programs designed to meet the needs of those nationswhose way of life has been disrupted by war. But with the failing common to specially trained minds, theseplanners incline to think mostly in the terms of their own particular interests. As yet, no one has touched thefundamentals of international ethics. No one has advanced a working plan securely based upon a broad, deep,and sympathetic understanding of the
and his problems. The thinking has been in the dual fieldsof power politics and material economics, with remedies expressed in terms of charts, blueprints, patterns, andindustrial programs.But, there is one new and encouraging element present in most of the recommendations of today'sexperts. They are recognizing the necessity of conceiving the world as one inter-dependent structure. Yet,even as they recognize the need for a unity of human interests, their recommendations are for the perpetuationof highly competitive economic policies, which, if they are consistently applied, must lead in the end to war anddiscord.It is not an easy task to unite the efforts of the human race toward the accomplishment of any commongood. Mankind in the majority is selfish, provincial in attitude, and concerned primarily with personal successand acquiring creature comforts. It will not be possible to build an enduring peace until the average man hasbeen convinced that personal selfishness is detrimental to personal happiness and personal success. It must be