The New York transportation system is a vast network of highways, roads, rail lines, publictransit systems, pedestrian and bike facilities, airports, seaports, and waterways. Includedin this network are more than 113,000 miles of roads and 17,400 highway bridges, over which more than 141 billion vehicle miles are driven annually. Within the State, more than130 different public transit operators serve seven million passengers a day. There are also3,500 miles of railroads throughout New York, moving more than 73 million tons of freightannually. Each year, more than 150 million tons of freight pass through the State’s various ports. Some of this system is privately owned and operated: intercity buses, freight rail,and airlines. But much of it, including roads, bridges, and public transit systems, is publicly owned and maintained.
The ongoing capital needs of this system are enormous. The Metropolitan TransportationAuthority (“MTA”) estimates that $120 to $140 billion will be necessary over the next 20years just to meet the repair and replacement needs of the system.
The New York StateDepartment of Transportation (“DOT”) estimates that more than $175 billion will benecessary statewide between 2010 and 2030 for the non-MTA New York transportationsystem.
In addition to these enormous amounts are the many billions more needed for transformational projects with the potential to drive future demographic and economicgrowth, such as a statewide high-speed rail system, a Metro-North connection to PennStation, and the upgrades and expansions desperately needed at New York City’s seaportsand airports.Since the 1980s, capital investments in New York’s transportation system have beenorganized and implemented pursuant to multi-year DOT and MTA capital plans. While the parameters of each plan have differed somewhat, the plans generally provide a blueprint for
The State owns 15,000 miles of the road and highway network. Counties own 20,000 miles, and nearly77,000 miles are owned by cities, towns and villages. The State owns 7,600 bridges, with the remainder owned by local governments and independent public authorities.