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Household Food Security in the United States, 2009

Household Food Security in the United States, 2009

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Published by Patricia Dillon
Err 108
Err 108

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Published by: Patricia Dillon on Nov 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Food Assistance & Nutrition Research Program 
Household Food Security in theUnited States, 2009
Measuring Food Security in the United States 
United StatesDepartment ofAgriculture
EconomicResearchServiceEconomicResearchReportNumber 108November 2010
Mark NordAlisha Coleman-JensenMargaret AndrewsSteven Carlson
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programsand activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and, whereapplicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexualorientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or a part of anindividual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibitedbases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative meansfor communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) shouldcontact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD).To file a complaint of discrimination write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272(voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.
Recommended citation format for this publication:
Nord, Mark, Alisha Coleman-Jensen, Margaret Andrews, and StevenCarlson.
 Household Food Security in the United States, 2009.
ERR-108, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Econ. Res. Serv. November 2010.
ERS plays a leading role in Federal research on foodsecurity in U.S. households and communities. See the FoodSecurity in the United States Briefing Room for indepthanalysis, data access, and a history of the food securitymeasurement project.
Visit the Food Security Briefing RoomTo Learn More!
United StatesDepartmentof Agriculture
A Report from the Economic Research Service 
Eighty-five percent of American households were food secure throughout the entire year in2009, meaning that they had access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life forall household members. The remaining households (14.7 percent) were food insecure at leastsome time during the year, including 5.7 percent with very low food security. In householdswith very low food security, the food intake of one or more household members was reducedand their eating patterns were disrupted at times during the year because the household lackedmoney and other resources for food. Prevalence rates of food insecurity and very low foodsecurity were essentially unchanged from 14.6 percent and 5.7 percent, respectively, in 2008,and remained at the highest recorded levels since 1995, when the first national food securitysurvey was conducted. The typical food-secure household spent 33 percent more on food thanthe typical food-insecure household of the same size and household composition. Fifty-sevenpercent of all food-insecure households participated in one or more of the three largest Federalfood and nutrition assistance programs during the month prior to the 2009 survey.
Food security, food insecurity, food spending, food pantry, soup kitchen,emergency kitchen, material well-being, Food Stamp Program, SNAP, National SchoolLunch Program, WIC
About the Authors
Mark Nord, Alisha Coleman-Jensen, and Margaret Andrews are in the Food EconomicsDivision, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Nord andColeman-Jensen are sociologists and Andrews is an economist in the Food AssistanceBranch. Steven Carlson is Director of the Office of Research and Analysis, Food andNutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The authors thank Laurian Unnevehr, Fred Kuchler, and Mark Prell of ERS, USDA, fortheir reviews of the report. Thanks also go to our editor, Priscilla Smith, and to WynnicePointer-Napper for graphic design and layout.
Mark Nord,
Alisha Coleman-Jensen,
Margaret Andrews,
and Steven Carlson
Household Food Security in theUnited States, 2009
EconomicResearchReportNumber 108November 2010

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