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John P. Holdren, Rose Lecture at MIT

John P. Holdren, Rose Lecture at MIT

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Published by Pablo Manriquez

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Published by: Pablo Manriquez on Nov 19, 2010
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11/19/2010

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1
John P. Holdren
The
 
Energy
 
/
 
Climate
Change
 
Challenge
 
and
 
the
 
Role
 
of 
 
Nuclear
 
Energy
 
in
 
Meeting
 
It
Assistant to the President for Science and Technologyand Director, Office of Science and Technology PolicyExecutive Office of the President of the United States
Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyThe David J. Rose Lecture25 October 2010
“At least some of our inter-national friction is directlytraceable to disputes over possession of the areasfavored with abundant energy. …land endowed with energy andmaterial resources motivatesmuch of our current strife. It isto be hoped that the nuclear processes of fission and fusionmay permanently solve at least
Prof. David J. Rose
1922-1985
the need for energy and thuscontribute substantially to thepeaceful relations amongmankind.”
Rose & Clark,
Plasmas and Controlled Fusion 
, 1962
 
2
Coverage of this talk
The character of the energy challengeThe two toughest problems
 –meeting transport needs with less oil –meeting economic aspirations with less CO
2
What needs to be doneWhat the Obama Administration is doingThe role of nuclear energy
 –the future of fission –the future of fusion
The character of the challenge
 
3
World Energy 1850-2000
450500
 
Growth of world population & prosperity over past150 years brought 20-fold increase in energy use
150200250300350
      E      J      /     y     e     a     r
GasOilCoalNuclear Hydro +0501850 1875 1900 1925 1950 1975 2000Year 
 
Growth rate 1850-1950 was 1.45%/yr, driven mainly by coal.From 1950-2000 it was 3.15%/yr, driven mainly by oil & natural gas.
Where we are: energy and fossil CO
2
in 2008
populationppp-GDP energy fossil E fossil CO
2
(millions) (trillion $) (EJ) (percent) (MtC)
World
669269.7 545 82% 8390
China
13267.9 99 85% 1910
USA
304 14.2 105 86% 1670
Russia
1422.3 30 91% 440
India
11403.4 29 64% 390
World Bank 2009, BP 2009

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