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Guarea cedrata - Meliaceae

Guarea cedrata - Meliaceae

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Published by Bernadin Jio

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Bernadin Jio on Nov 19, 2010
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11/19/2010

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ProtabaseRecord display
 
www.prota.org
 
Guarea cedrata
(A.Chev.) Pellegr.
 
Protologue
 Bull. Soc. Bot. France 75: 480 (1928).
Family
 Meliaceae
Chromosome number
 2
= 72
Synonyms
 
Trichilia cedrata 
A.Chev. (1909).
Vernacular names
 Light bosse, pink mahogany, pink African cedar, scented guarea, Nigerianpearwood (En). Bossé clair, acajou bossé, cèdre d’Afrique, faux acajou (Fr).
Origin and geographic distribution
 
Guarea cedrata 
occurs from Sierra Leone east to Uganda, and south to Gabonand DR Congo.
Uses
 The wood (trade names: light bosse, bosse) is valued for house building, flooring,
 
 joinery, interior trim, panelling, window frames, doors, ship building, vehiclebodies, furniture, cabinet work, decorative boxes, crates, veneer and plywood. Itis suitable for musical instruments, toys, novelties, carving and turnery, but gumexudation may have adverse effects on the products. Traditionally, the wood isused for dug-out canoes. It is also used as fuelwood and for charcoal production.The bark is used in traditional medicine. Bark decoctions or macerations aretaken to treat stomach-ache, food poisoning and gonorrhoea, and used as awash against kidney pain, bleeding after childbirth, rheumatism and leprosy.
Guarea cedrata 
trees are sometimes left after forest clearing to serve as shadetrees for coffee and cocoa plantations, e.g. in Cameroon.
Production and international trade
 The wood of 
Guarea cedrata 
,
Guarea laurentii 
De Wild. and
Guarea thompsonii 
 Sprague & Hutch. is all traded as ‘bosse’. In the past, Côte d’Ivoire was the mainexporter of 
Guarea 
wood, exporting 45,000 m³ in 1971 and 21,000 m³ in 1983.Congo exported 11,000 m³ of 
Guarea 
logs in 2003, at an average price of US$174/m³, 15,000 m³ in 2004, at an average price of US$ 177/m³, and 21,000 m³ in2005, at an average price of US$ 172/m³. Exports of 
Guarea 
sawnwood fromCongo were 4000 m³ in 2004, at an average price of US$ 333/m³, and 9000 m³ in2005, at an average price of US$ 304/m³. Small amounts of veneer wereexported from Congo in 2003 and 2004, at an average price of US$ 331/m³ andUS$ 363/m³, respectively. Cameroon exported 12,250 m³ and 11,700 m³ of 
Guarea 
logs in 1997 and 1998, respectively, and exports of sawn ‘bossé’ were4150 m³ in 2003, 3300 m³ in 2004, and 3000 m³ in 2006. Ghana exported 2450m³ of 
Guarea 
logs in 1994, at an average price of US$ 221/m³, and 3710 m³ of sawn wood, at an average price of US$ 424/m³. The Central African Republicexported 3200 m³ of logs in 1999, and 2300 m³ in 2006.
Guarea 
has someimportance as export timber in Gabon, with an annual export volume in 2001– 2005 of about 5000 m³ of logs for all
Guarea 
species together. However, theshare of 
Guarea cedrata 
in Gabon is small because it is uncommon there.
 
 
Properties
 The heartwood is pale pinkish brown when freshly cut, darkening to reddishbrown upon exposure. It is usually distinctly demarcated from the yellowish white,5–10 cm wide sapwood. The grain is straight or interlocked, texture fine tomoderately coarse. The wood sometimes shows a mottled or curly figure, andhas a cedar-like smell when fresh. It may have a gummy exudate.The wood is medium-weight, with a density of 545–680 kg/m³ at 12% moisturecontent. It generally air dries fairly easily with little degrade, and has littletendency to warping or splitting during kiln drying. The rates of shrinkage aremoderately high, from green to oven dry 3.5–5.6% radial and 5.3–7.9%tangential. Once dry, the wood is fairly stable in service. At 12% moisture content, the modulus of rupture is 76–145 N/mm², modulus of elasticity 9400–12,900 N/mm², compression parallel to grain 47–60 N/mm², shear 10–15 N/mm², cleavage 11–24 N/mm, Janka side hardness 4000 N and Jankaend hardness 5420 N.The wood is usually fairly easy to saw and work, with moderate blunting effectson cutting edges because the wood contains some silica (up to 1.0%). It can befinished to a smooth surface, but there may be a slight tendency to pick up inplaning quarter-sawn material and gum may appear at the surfaces. The woodholds nails and screws well, but may split upon nailing. It glues satisfactorilyexcept when gum is present; the use of a filler is recommended for staining andpolishing. The bending properties are usually satisfactory. Good-quality veneer can be produced by both rotary cutting and slicing. The wood is moderatelydurable and only occasionally attacked by termites and pinhole borers, but it isslightly more susceptible to attacks by powder-post beetles. The heartwood isstrongly resistant to impregnation, the sapwood permeable to moderatelyresistant. The wood dust may cause irritation to the skin.Some preliminary pulping tests gave satisfactory results for paper production.The wood fibres are about 1.4 mm long, with a diameter of 21 μm, a lumen width

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