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Stealth Design Aircraft

Stealth Design Aircraft

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Published by rajagopalkrg

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Published by: rajagopalkrg on Nov 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/31/2013

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Stealth Design of Storm ShadowExternal Configuration:
The three major design drivers in the external configuration of the
Storm Shadow 
proved to be the payload, small size, and stealth requirements called for in theRFP. Four initial planforms were selected primarily because of their naturalstealthiness--a pure flying wing, a delta wing, an X-36 derivative with canards,and an aero-diamond (see below).
Initial shapes studied by design team
Since the payload constitutes nearly 20% of the gross takeoff weight (GTOW), itscenter of gravity (CG) has a tremendous effect on the CG of the entire aircraft.As a result, the team concentrated on configurations that would place the CG of the bomb coincident with that of the aircraft. Thus, the release of the bomb wouldhave little or no effect on the stability of the aircraft. This eliminated the deltawing and X-36 concepts since the wings are placed so far aft that the bomb mustbe located far forward to compensate. The flying wing was also eliminatedbecause its large wingspan and length (dictated by the length of the bomb) madeit impossible to fit eight in aC-5
 transport aircraft. An aero-diamond,defined as a planform on which the leading edge and opposite trailing edge areparallel, was finally selected because its shape is perfectly suited to the RFPrequirements.
 
Aero-diamond external configuration of the
Storm Shadow 
A second major decision involved the choice of powerplant. It was originallyhoped that one engine could be used to reduce the weight, cost, and complexityof the aircraft. However, the placement of one engine over the bomb bay wouldmake the aircraft too thick at its center. Instead, the team chose to use twoengines which straddle the bomb bay. This has the advantage of reducing theaircraft thickness, but forces an increase in wingspan to maintain the same wingarea. In addition, there is an associated weight penalty from the added engineand structural weights.
 
Evolution of the
Storm Shadow 
The dimensions of the
Storm Shadow 
shown below were finally determined by acombination of bomb bay size, engine size, aerodynamics, aero-diamondgeometry, low observability, and center of gravity issues.
Storm Shadow 
Statistics
Dimensions:
Length 20 ftWidth 18.5 ftLeading Edge Sweep Angle 55°Wing Area 201 ft
2
 Aspect Ratio 1.7
Weights:
GTOW 5,190 lbEmpty Weight 3,249 lb
Performance:
Mission 1 Range 1,667 nmMission 2 Range 779 nm
Armament:
GBU-16 laser guided 1,092 lb

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