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RNTCP.modified

RNTCP.modified

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Published by: dranshulitrivedi on Nov 20, 2010
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05/21/2012

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RNTCP-REVISEDNATIONALTUBERCULOSISCONTROLPROGRAMME
 
WHAT IS TUBERCULOSIS?
´
TB is a disease caused by bacterium M.tb
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Airborne transmission
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Any individual can be infected
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An individual infected with M. tb has only 10% life time risk todevelop active TB disease
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Co-infection with HIV or any immuno-deficient conditionincreases this risk
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More than 80% TB affects the lungs
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About 50% are sputum smear positive and are infectious
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Any other organ of the body (except hair and nails) can beaffected-Extra-Pulmonary TB
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The best way to control TB is early detection and cure ofinfectious pulmonary TB cases
 
STATUS OF TB-
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World-Incidence of TB-9.2 million new cases of TB in2006.Of which 4.1 million were new smearpositive cases.
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Prevelance-14.4 million.
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Death due to TB-1.7 million.
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India-Upto,April-2010,total153,888 new sputumpositive patients registered for treatment
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In addition to this, 91,466new sputum negativecases,
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57,388 new extra pulmonary cases,
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48,252 sputum positive retreatment cases wererepported.

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