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Health Asses - Mod 2 Key Terms

Health Asses - Mod 2 Key Terms

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Published by: Allison Doubek Gibson on Nov 20, 2010
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Health AssessmentModule 2 ± Vital Signs and Pain Assessment Key Terms
Vital Signs
apnea
Temporary cessation of breathing.
 
bradycardia
HR < 60. (adult).
bradypnea
Abnormally slow breathing
Cheyne-Stokes
Irregular pattern of breathing, characterized by shallow breaths followed bydeep breaths that fall off rapidly, followed by apnea, then repeats. Sometimesseen with CHF.
diastolic pressure
The elastic recoil, or resting, pressure that the blood exerts constantly betweeneach contraction.
diurnal rhythm
A daily cycle of peak and trough: the BP climbs to a high in the late afternoonor early evening and then declines to an early morning low.
eupnea
 Normal respiration.
hyperthermia
Fever. Caused by pyrogens secreted by toxic bacteria during infection or fromtissue breakdown such as that following myocardial infarction, trauma,surgery, or malignancy.
hypothermia
Usually due to accidental prolonged exposure to cold.
mean arterial pressure
The pressure forcing blood into the tissues, averaged over the cardiac cycle.
orthostatichypotension
A drop in systolic pressure of more than 20 mm Hg, or pulse increase of 20 bpm or more occurs with a quick change to a standing position. Due to abrupt peripheral vasodilatation without a compensatory increase in cardiac output.Also occurs with prolonged bed rest, older age, hypovolemia, and some drugs.
pulse
The pressure wave felt on the arterial walls as the heart beats and pumps bloodinto the aorta. Gives the rate and rhythm of the heartbeat.
pulse pressure
The difference between the systolic and diastolic and reflects the strokevolume.
rate
Referring to the pulse: normal = 60-100bpm. More rapid in children and moremoderate during adult and older years. Varies with gender, females faster after  puberty.
rhythm
Referring to the pulse: normally has an even tempo.
sphygmomanometer
Instrument used to measure blood pressure.
sinus arrhythmia
The heart rate varies with the respiratory cycle, speeding up at the peak of inspiration and slowing to normal with expiration.
symmetry
The same on both sides.
systolic pressure
The maximum pressure felt on the artery during left ventricular contraction.
tachycardia
HR > 100 (adult). Fever, sepsis, myocardial infarction.
tachypnea
Abnormally fast breathing.
tympanic membranethermometer
Measures the core temperature by sensing the infrared emissions of thetympanic membrane.

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