HR < 60. (adult).
Abnormally slow breathing
Irregular pattern of breathing, characterized by shallow breaths followed bydeep breaths that fall off rapidly, followed by apnea, then repeats. Sometimesseen with CHF.
The elastic recoil, or resting, pressure that the blood exerts constantly betweeneach contraction.
A daily cycle of peak and trough: the BP climbs to a high in the late afternoonor early evening and then declines to an early morning low.
Fever. Caused by pyrogens secreted by toxic bacteria during infection or fromtissue breakdown such as that following myocardial infarction, trauma,surgery, or malignancy.
Usually due to accidental prolonged exposure to cold.
mean arterial pressure
The pressure forcing blood into the tissues, averaged over the cardiac cycle.
A drop in systolic pressure of more than 20 mm Hg, or pulse increase of 20 bpm or more occurs with a quick change to a standing position. Due to abrupt peripheral vasodilatation without a compensatory increase in cardiac output.Also occurs with prolonged bed rest, older age, hypovolemia, and some drugs.
The pressure wave felt on the arterial walls as the heart beats and pumps bloodinto the aorta. Gives the rate and rhythm of the heartbeat.
The difference between the systolic and diastolic and reflects the strokevolume.
Referring to the pulse: normal = 60-100bpm. More rapid in children and moremoderate during adult and older years. Varies with gender, females faster after puberty.
Referring to the pulse: normally has an even tempo.
Instrument used to measure blood pressure.
The heart rate varies with the respiratory cycle, speeding up at the peak of inspiration and slowing to normal with expiration.
The same on both sides.
The maximum pressure felt on the artery during left ventricular contraction.
HR > 100 (adult). Fever, sepsis, myocardial infarction.
Abnormally fast breathing.
Measures the core temperature by sensing the infrared emissions of thetympanic membrane.