Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Answer Unix QBank

Answer Unix QBank

Ratings: (0)|Views: 55|Likes:
Published by Saket

More info:

Published by: Saket on Nov 20, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/20/2010

pdf

text

original

 
 
2010
 Amity InstituteOf InformationTechnology Saket Kr.Pathak 
LINUX/UNIX QUESTION BANK 
 
 
Linux/Unix Question Bank 
 
 Amity Institute Of Technology 
 
P
age 2
 
Q. No. 1.
 
Architecture
of L
inux
.
Answer:
 
The fundamental architecture of Unix/Linux is manned by 3 levels. The outer crustresides the application programs and their utilities, at the heart, there is Unix kernel, which interacts with actual hardware in machine language. The streamlining of these2 modes of communication is done by middle layer, called the shell.The shell, or the command interpreter as it is called, is the mediator, whichintermediate the commands we give and then conveys them to the kernel, whichultimately executes them. The kernel has the various functions, as it manages files,carries out all the data transfer between the file system and the hardware, and alsomanages memories. The onus of scheduling of various programs running in thememory or allocation of CPU time to all running programs also with kernel. Thekernel program is usually stored in a file called µunix¶, whereas the shell program is inµsh¶ file.
Q. No. 2.
 
P
rinting
 
in
L
inux
.
Answer:
 
 
The Printer Configuration Tool allows users to configure a printer in Linux.
 
This tool helps maintain the printer configuration file, print spool directories,and print filters.
 
Linux defaults to the CUPS (Common Unix Printing System).
 
To use the Printer Configuration Tool you must have root privileges. To start theapplication, select Applications => System Settings => PrintingThe following types of print queues can be configured:
 
Locally-connected ² a printer attached directly to the computer through aparallel or USB port.
 
N
etworked CUPS (IPP) ² a printer that can be accessed over a TCP/IP network  via the Internet Printing Protocol, also known as IPP (for example, a printerattached to another Red Hat Linux system running CUPS (Common UnixPrinting System) on the network). Application ToolsShellKernel
Hardware
 
Linux/Unix Question Bank 
 
 Amity Institute Of Technology 
 
P
age 3
 
 
N
etworked U
N
IX (LPD) ² a printer attached to a different U
N
IX system that can be accessed over a TCP/IP network (for example, a printer attached to anotherRed Hat Linux system running LPD (Line Printer Daemon) on the network).
 
N
etworked Windows (SMB) ² a printer attached to a different system which issharing a printer over a SMB network (for example, a printer attached to aMicrosoft Windows machine).
 
N
etworked
N
ovell (
N
CP) ² a printer attached to a different system which uses
N
ovell's
N
etWare network technology.
 
N
etworked JetDirect ² a printer connected directly to the network through HPJetDirect instead of to a computer.
Q. No. 3.
 
D
NS.
Answer:
 
 
D
N
S is a network service that enables clients to resolve names to IP address and vice-versa.
 
 Allows machines to be logically grouped by domain names.
 
Provides email routing information.
 
 A D
N
S server maintains the name to IP address mapping of the domain for whichit is the name server.
 
The D
N
S server for a domain is registered with the domain registrar and theentry is maintained by the Internet Root-Servers (13) or Country Level Root-Servers.
 
 Whenever a server is queried, if doesn¶t have the answer, the root servers arecontacted.
 
The root servers refer to the D
N
S server for that domain (in case the domain is atop level domain) or the Country Root Server (in case the domain is country leveldomain).
N
amed daemon is used
 
 A D
N
S Server may be caching/master/slave server
 
The named.ca file has information of all Root Servers.
 
Configuration file:/var/named/chroot/etc/named.conf 
Q. No. 4.
 
FT
P
Co
nnecti
o
n
.
Answer:
 
F
T
P
Connection Types & Transfer
P
rograms:
 
Secure Shell (SSH)
 ± 
 
Secure Copy (SCP) May be Used to Transfer Data Within an SSHConnection to FTP01
 
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Based
 ± 
 
³
ftp´ Command Invoked Within an SSH Connection
 ± 
 
N
ative
³
ftp´ Invoked From the Customer¶s Desktop
 ± 
 
N
ative
³
ftp´ Based Desktop Programs
 
There Are a
N
umber of These
 
Typically add a Graphical User Interface (GUI)

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->