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Should the u.s. Embargo Against Cuba Remain

Should the u.s. Embargo Against Cuba Remain

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Castro's revolution forced horrific sacrafices on Cubans

Castro's revolution forced horrific sacrafices on Cubans

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Published by: Jerry E. Brewer, Sr. on Nov 20, 2010
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E D I T O R I A L and O P I N I O N
20 November 2010By:
 Jerry Brewer 
 
The United States embargoagainst Cuba was partiallyimposed against Cuba in Oc-tober of 1960. This trade barrier involving financial,commercial, and economicmeasures was establishedwhen Cuba nationalized the properties of U.S. citizensand corporations, and wasfurther strengthened to near-total embargo on February 7,1962.Titled the Cuba Democ-racy Act, the embargo wascodified into law in 1992with the stated purpose of maintaining sanctions onCuba
 so long as the Cuban government continues to re- fuse to move toward "democratization and greater 
respect for human rights.”
Congress passed the Helms-Burton Act in 1996 whichimposed further restrictionson U.S. citizens from doing business in or with Cuba, andmandated restrictions on giv-ing public or private assis-tance to any successor gov-ernment in Havana unlessand until certain claimsagainst the Cuban govern-ment were met.President Clinton ex- panded the trade embargo in1999 even further by endingthe practice of foreign sub-sidiaries of U.S. companiestrading with Cuba. Clintonauthorized the sale of certain"humanitarian" U.S productsto Cuba in 2000.Despite the existence of the embargo, the UnitedStates is the fifth largest ex- porter to Cuba (6.6% of 
SHOULD THE U.S. EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA REMAIN?
SHOULD THE U.S. EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA REMAIN
 – 
continued
Cuba's imports are from theUS). However, Cuba must pay cash for all imports, ascredit is not allowed.President Barack Obamaextended the embargo onSeptember 2, 2010, throughSeptember 14, 2011, deter-mining that the embargo "isin the national interest of theUnited States.
Cuba‟s revolution, once
essentially isolated from themajority of Latin America,was one of vehement recrimi-nation against the UnitedStates and democracieswithin the hemisphere. Much
of Fidel Castro‟s armed revo-
lution sparked by guerillamovements such as the lateArgentine revolutionary Che
Guevara‟s.Cuba‟s Castro revolution-
ary wisdom of violence andinsurgency ultimately metwith a U.S. embargo andsanctions that last to this veryday. Was it a successfulinterdiction? Although Fideland Raul Castro have shownsome (but few) concessions
 
 Special points of interest:
The U.S. embargoagainst Cuba history 1
Castro admits Cubaneconomic model nolonger works 2
President Obama con-tinues to stress a waitand see approach 2
Fidel Castro’s protégéHugo Chavez’s revolu-
tion 3
Lift the embargo? 4
CRIMINAL JUSTICE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATES 
 Volume 3 Issue 001
ADDITIONALREADING
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
TWITTER 
:
cjiausa
 
 Email 
 Northern Virginia703.268.4453
TWITTER 
:
cjiausa
 
HUGO CHAVEZ and mentorFIDEL CASTRORAUL CASTRO and HUGOCHAVEZ
 
C J I A
 
to attempt to persuade theU.S. to move ahead with lift-ing restrictions, many U.S.
officials assert that Cuba‟s
 problems are not due to thesanctions and embargo, but
rather a result of “socialismand incompetence” in govern-
ment.The surprise response fromFidel Castro, who remainshead of the Communist party,suggested in September that
the Cuban economic model was no longer working.
Cuba continues to be per-ceived by some U.S. officialsas slow or unwilling to makesignificant transformativechanges in policies on humanrights and freedoms in Cuba.U.S. President Obama
“continues to stress a „waitand see‟ approach in which
Havana will have to earn theright to be a negotiating part-
ner.”
 Unfortunately for LatinAmerica, the once isolatedCuban revolution has beenrevived by another anti-U.S.leftist regime in Venezuelaled by President HugoChavez Frias and his Boli-varian Revolution. Bolivia,Ecuador, and Nicaragua left-ist regimes were quick tofollow suit with Chavez.These openly elected socialist-styled governments remainclose to Chavez and continueto perpetuate similar philoso- phy and agendas.There is little doubt thatCommunist rule unscrupu-lously forced horrific sacri-fices upon the Cuban people, both those that remain on thesmall island nation, and thosethat have fled Communistdictatorial rule but still lovetheir homeland.
 
illness, his travel destinationsincluded Syria, Libya andIran.
 
Lift the embargo and allowtrade normalization withCuba? No one must encour-age others to emulate the Cu- ban Revolution. Acquiescingto a form of romanticism withthe Cuba of the 1950s andformer President Fidel Cas-
 
The embargo and sanctionsimposed were also largely based on the assertion that it
was, in part, to “promote na-
tional and hemispheric secu-rity by isolating the presentGovernment of Cuba andthereby reducing the threat posed by its alignment with
other Communist powers.”
 
Prior to Castro‟s serioustro‟s despotic and ideological
influence throughout LatinAmerica
 
is irresponsiblerhetoric. His four-decade rulehas brought death and miserythroughout Cuba and LatinAmerica.
 
What is the real issue thatdemocracies of the worldshould embrace as they look to the future of Cuba and
SHOULD THE U.S. EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA REMAIN
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SHOULD THE U.S. EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA REMAIN
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continued
SHOULD THE U.S. EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA REMAIN
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continued
regions, and has sponsoredviolent acts of aggression andsubversion in most democ-ratic nations of the southwest-ern hemisphere.U.S. government studieswithin the intelligence com-munity documented a total of 3,043 international terroristincidents in the decade of 1968 to 1978. Within thatstudy, "over 25 percent oc-curred in Latin America."Throughout the 1970s, inCentral America, democracyheld on by its thumbs as Cu- bans and the Soviets spreadtheir beliefs throughout Nica-ragua and El Salvador. Too,even Grenada was not sparedfrom Soviet and Cuban activ-ity in the early 1980s.Communist ideology andaction by Fidel Castro hasgraphically meant death anddestruction. Cuba has trainedthousands of Communistguerrillas and terrorists. Infact, ties to rogue states suchas North Korea and Iran con-tinue today.Cuba sponsored terrorismand subversion in Africa andthe Middle East, among other 
 
Page 2
Editorial and Opinion
Communistideology andaction by FidelCastro hasgraphicallymeant death anddestruction.Cuba has trainedthousands ofCommunistguerrillas andterrorists.
TWITTER:
cjiausa
HUGO CHAVEZ
and Iran’s
AHMADINEJAD
 
 
its citizens? Fidel Castro‟s
venomous hatred for theUnited States started long before he came into power.
Castro‟s establishment of a
Communist state camequickly with his interventionof personal property and busi-
nesses. Cuba‟s firing squads
were quick to execute dissi-dents as well as U.S. citizenson the Cuban homeland.It is important that we fo-cus on past and current factsto proactively circumvent anymemory recall deficienciesthat may exist on these criti-cal decisions. Too, those thathave fallen in defense of homeland freedoms in Cuba,and those who fled the island,as well as those that facedruthless and bloody confron-tations against Cuban insur-gency on other foreign land,deserve consideration andrespect.Fidel Castro has stated
“America is weak and will be brought to its knees.”
Why has the U.S. becomethe scapegoat for the miseryof the Cuban people who cryout to the world for the free-doms and the rule of law thatthey deserve from their gov-ernment and leaders? Supportfor Cuba must circumventmere opinion. World support
will come to Cuba‟s doorstep
with action and not mere
words by Cuba‟s ruling gov-
ernment.The fundamental issue isfor Cuban leaders to allowcitizens the ability to attainthe freedoms they deserveand the ability to join thosewhere the rule of law can prevail. Generations of Cu- bans would welcome sweep-ing changes such as these.Cuba has also maintaineda well-organized and ruthlessintelligence presence withinMexico, as have the Russians.Much of their activity in-volved in U.S. interests thatinclude recruiting disloyalU.S. military, government,and private sector specialists.Recent reports are thatCuba has been expandingHer arrest was said to beno coincidence due to the factthat she was about to be made privy to American battle plans for Afghanistan. Thisimportant discovery and ac-tion against Montes withAmerican battle plans in her hands could have resulted inadditional deaths of servicemen and women in Afghani-stan.intelligence operations in theMiddle East and South Asia.An equally troublesomedilemma within the hemi-
sphere is that Fidel Castro‟s
 protégé, President HugoChavez of Venezuela, hasadopted the previous Soviet-styled Cuban intelligenceservice model for Vene-
zuela‟s security service.
using
SHOULD THE U.S. EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA REMAIN
 – 
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SHOULD THE U.S. EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA REMAIN
 – 
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SHOULD THE U.S. EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA REMAIN
 – 
continued
fleeing the island, mostly tothe U.S.Does Cuba continue to pose a threat to anyone? A1998 report produced by theU.S Defense Intelligence
Agency (DIA) stated, “Cuba
no longer poses a military
threat to the United States.”
The curious reference tothis disclaimer just happenedto be, in large part, by a DIAanalyst that was actually aCuban intelligence agent bythe name Ana Belen Montes.Conspiracy theorists werequick to point fingers at Mon-tes, reporting and comparingher arrest on September 20,2001 to the fact this occurred just nine days after the 9/11attacks.
 
President Raul Castroshould unequivocally and publicly renounce terrorismand revolutionary violence,and extend new freedoms for his people before a worldaudience.This in graphic contrast to
Cuba‟s past in which oppo-
nents were imprisoned and
executed. Castro‟s rule began
with over 700,000 citizens
Volume 3 Issue 001
This in graphic
contrast to Cuba‟s
 past in whichopponents wereimprisoned and
executed. Castro‟s
rule began with over 700,000 citizensfleeing the island,mostly to the U.S.
Page 3
TWITTER:
cjiausa
Fidel Castro has
stated “America is
weak and will be brought to its
knees.”

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