Part One he Concept of ri-People Relationship
It is only in Mindanao that we speak o a tri-people relationship. By tri-people we reer to the Moros or Muslims, the Lumad and the migrants, mostly Christiansettlers and their descendants, the greater number now belonging to the second, thirdor ourth generations and are already considered homegrown Mindanawons; also, othermigrants who are not Christians. Te grouping is loose and there are several overlaps inbetween, but the designations are popularly used in the region.
was originally given by the Spaniards to those Muslims o northern Arica who occupied Spain or nearly eight centuries, rom 711 to 1492 A.D,and later to the Muslims o the Philippine archipelago. Now it reers to the 13 ethno-linguistic groups o the Maranao, Maguindanao, ausug, Sama, Sangil, Iranun, Kalagan,Kalibugan, Yakan, Jama Mapun, Panimusan, Molbog and Sama Dilaut, also popularly known to outsiders as Badjaos. Tey are mostly Muslims, except or the Kalagan, who are only partly Muslim, and the Sama Dilaut, who are generally non-Muslims. Tey constitute, according to the 2000 census, about 18.9% o the entire population o Mindanao and the Sulu archipelago and they are the majority population only in theprovinces o Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur, Basilan, Sulu and awi-awi and in teenother towns—one in Cotabato, nine in Lanao del Norte, two in Sultan Kudarat, two inZamboanga del Norte, and one in Palawan.
Te Lumad include approximately 35 tribes and sub-tribes indigenous toMindanao, among which are, in alphabetical order- Ata Manobo, Bagobo, Banwaon,Bla-an, Bukidnon, Dibabawon, Higaunon, Mamanwa, Mandaya, Mangguwangan,Manobo, Mansaka, Matigsalug, Subanen, agakaolo, alaandig, igwa, ’boli, eduray and the Ubo Manuvu. Tere may be more because they normally reer to each other by their geographical and not by their ethno-linguistic names. Tey constitute, accordingto the 2000 census, about 8.5% o the entire population o Mindanao and the Suluarchipelago, and are the majority in only eleven towns—one in Agusan del Sur, our inBukidnon, two in Davao del Sur, two in Maguindanao, one in Sarangani, and one inZamboanga del Sur. Te name
is Cebuano Bisaya but is the product o an agreement amongrepresentatives o 15 out o 18 ethno-linguistic groups that was arrived at duringthe ounding congress o Lumad Mindanaw in June 1986. Cebuano is their lingua