article 4 of their constitution which says “the residence, the domicile, private andfamily life, secrecy of correspondence of every person are inviolable.” A perusal of privacy protections in Africa, nay West Africa, shows that the majority of 53 stateshave ample statutes that seek to give coverage to data protection and privacy,chiefly of because cross-border data flows.
While the legal ground rules remain unclear about how to marry securityneeds with respect for human rights, the absence of freedom of information act -which seeks to open up government to the citizenry, abolish secrecy in the runningof government business and endue the people with trust in their government - givesweapons to fears that infraction on rights may continue unabated. Of all 53countries in Africa, only South Africa, Zimbabwe, Uganda, and Liberia havesigned into law this all-important piece of legislation, leaving Liberia, with apopulation of 4 million, as the only West African country to have embracedopenness in the running of government affairs. It became operative in South Africain 2000, Zimbabwe in 2002, Uganda in 2006, and Liberia in 2010.
While several countries of the world have added this important legislation to their statutebooks, Africa lags behind, watering the impression that the continent prefers shadiness asopposed to transparency; seehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_of_information_legislation