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Freshwater Fishes of Grand Manan Island, New Brunswick, Canada

Freshwater Fishes of Grand Manan Island, New Brunswick, Canada

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Published by Fundy Art
Freshwater fishes recorded at Grand Manan during a field survey in the sixties. Well illustrated.
Freshwater fishes recorded at Grand Manan during a field survey in the sixties. Well illustrated.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Fundy Art on Nov 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/09/2014

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THE FRESHWATER FISHES OF GRAND MANAN ISLAND
Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada
Arthur A. MacKay
(© 1999, Art MacKay. All rights reserved. Illustrations may not be used without written permission.)
The following list of fish species found in the freshwaters of Grand Manan isbased on specimens collected by the author and information supplied byknowledgeable residents. Although it is possible that some species have beenmissed, this list is believed to have been complete at the time of the original fieldwork in 1962, 1963 and 1964. New information has been added, and will beadded, as it becomes available.Grand Manan Island has nine species of fishes which have been recorded in itsfreshwaters (r= record, pc= personal communications):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0f these nine species, the presence of all but two can be accounted for. TheAmerican eel, brook trout, sticklebacks, and mummichog are euryhaline specieswhich undoubtedly reached Grand Manan via saltwater. The smallmouth bassand brown trout (if it is still present) were both introduced by man. The easternbanded killifish and northern lake chub are true freshwater fish for which there isno record of introduction. These species are common forage species for smallmouth bass and it is possible that they were imported as food for thisintroduced species.
 
ACCOUNTS OF SPECIES
(Identifications were based on Hubbs and Lagler, Fishes of the Great LakesRegion, 1959 and Bigelow and Schroeder, Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, 1953)
Brown trout
Salmo trutta
L.Distribution: Presence is hypothetical. A resident of Grand Manan, WayneGuptill, informed the author that he placed approximately six nine to ten inchBrown Trout in Long Pond during the summer of 1959. The fish were part of wildlife display at the Hospital Fair held at Grand Harbour. There have been nofurther reports of these fish.
Brook Trout
Salvelinus fontinalis
(Mitchill)Local names: trout, brook trout, squaretailDistribution: Present in all drainage systemsGeneral: While many ponds on Grand Manan have been stocked with brooktrout, this species has always been present and many of the older residents havebeen fishing them since childhood. Batty (1874) recorded Brook Trout on GrandManan in 1874.
 
Since the arrival of the beaver sometime after World War II, almost all of thestreams have been dammed, dramatically increasing the amount of habitat. (J.K.Ingersoll, per. comm. 1962) reported poor catches of trout in Miller's Pond wheresmallmouth bass had been introduced.Island trout average small, but an occasional large one is caught. A 3.5 poundout was taken at Miller's Pond in the summer of 1962 (Ingersoll, per.comm.1962).Specimens examined: Bradbury Brook, 1.
American eel
 Anguilla rostrata
(LeSueur)Local names: eelDistribution: Believed to be present in all drainage systems following directly intothe ocean.General: While no specimens were collected, Gesner reported that very largeeels were abundant in Eel Lake during his visit in the1839.Specimens examined: None.
Eastern banded killifish
Fundulus diaphanus
(LeSueur)Local names: minnow, chub.Distribution: Miller's Pond, possibly other ponds and streamsGeneral: The only specimens of this species were obtained from Miller's Pond.As previously discussed this species may have been introduced as food for smallmouth bass.Specimens examined: Miller's Pond, 2 adults, 1 fry.

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