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Gender Stereotypes

Gender Stereotypes

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Published by: Muzamil on Nov 22, 2010
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Women StudiesGender Stereotype inFeminist PerspectiveSir Tipu SultanMuzamil & Saba
Roll No 011& 014
BS (Hons) Psychology Sem 5thDate: 29 December 2008UOG
Gender Stereotypes
Introduce the concept of gender stereotyping. Gendr stereotyping refers to stereotyped images of males and females. Images of males and females are sometimes difficult to see as stereotypesbecause they are strongly connected with deep-seated beliefs about the roles of males andfemales in our society. Many people find it disturbing when these roles are questioned.
Example Of StereotypingWay of thinking encouragedby this stereotypeOther possible
ways of thinking
not shown by thestereotype
Many advertisements showmothers serving meals to theirfamilies (but very few showfathers doing this).These advertisements seem tosuggest that mothers do allthe housework and cooking,and really enjoy this.Men should do more of thecooking. Some mothershate doing housework.
Walter Lippmann (1992), a journalist, was the first one to use the term "stereotype" in the socialsciences' context. He described stereotype as "pictures in our head". For Lippmann stereotypesare negative in nature that protects the relative social standing and interests of those who holdthese. "Racism" and “Sexism" are the two main contexts in which stereotypes are mostly heldand applied. Stereotypes not only affect peoples' interpersonal and inter-group relations andnetworking; they also affect one's perception of one's own abilities as well as status as membersof a society.Gender stereotypes are beliefs about the typical characteristics and behaviors of men and women(Worchel et.al. 2000).
Stereotyping is universal It is cultural phenomenon. Some stereotypes are culture specific,whereas most are universal. A stereotype can be thought of a schema about member of anidentifiable group (Hamilton, 1979, 1981).When you see a person, a woman for example, about whom you hold a stereotype, your relevantstereotype schema is activated. This activation is automatic, like most other schema.
Some Commonly Held Gender Stereotypes
Stereotypes are primarily negative in nature i.e. usually negative characteristics are attributed tocertain sections of population. Negative stereotypes are attached to the "out group ", and positiveattributes are associated with "in-group". Stereotypes are formed and held, as a result of cultural beliefs, practices, and traditions. If the society is male-dominated, then most positive attributeswill be attached to males. Such attributes portray men as more capable, able, and strong ascompared to women.
FacultyMale StereotypesFemale StereotypesBiology/Physiology
Strong, powerful, never tired,energeticWeak, frail, dainty, charming
Stable, never cry, can holdemotions,aggressive, serious, brave,unemotionalGentle, soft-hearted, cry soon,can nothold emotion, sensitive,emotional,sentimental, fearful
Intelligence/ Cognition
Intelligent, wise, makesdecision,Dreamy, less capable

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