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Table Of Contents

2.1.3.2. Coal Beds
2.1.3.3. Deep Saline Aquifers
2.1.3.3.1. CO2 Storage Projects
2.1.3.3.1.1. The Sleipner Field and SACS Project
Figure 2.3: Repeated Seismic Surveys and Position of Injected CO2 [7]
2.1.3.3.1.2. Frio Brine Pilot
2.1.3.3.2. CO2 Trapping Mechanism
2.1.3.3.2.1. Hydrodynamic Trapping
2.1.3.3.2.2. Solubility Trapping
2.1.3.3.2.3. Mineral Trapping
2.1.3.3.3. Physical Properties of the Supercritical CO2
Figure 2.7: CO2 Solubility as a Function of Molarity [33]
2.1.3.3.4. Dissolved CO2 Chemistry
2.1.3.3.4.1. Reactivity of the Dissolved CO2
2.1.3.3.5. Previous Works Related to the Deep Saline Aquifers
2.2. Design of Experiment
2.2.1. Experiment Design Characteristics
2.2.1.1. Orthogonality
2.2.1.2. Space-Filling Property
2.2.2. Space-Filling Design
2.2.2.1. Latin Hypercube Sampling
2.2.2.2. Latin Hypercube Design
2.2.2.3. Model Construction
2.3. STARS
2.3.1. Conservation Equations
2.3.2.1. Newton’s Method
2.3.2.2. Gauss Elimination Method
2.3.2.3. LU Decomposition
2.3.2.5. Red Black Ordering (D-4)
Figure 2.14: Red-Black Ordering Resulting Matrix [54]
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
METHODOLOGY
4.1. Input Variable
4.1.1. Porosity
4.1.2. Permeability
4.1.3. Ratio of Vertical Permeability to Horizontal Permeability
4.1.4. Depth of Aquifer
4.1.5. Pressure Gradient
Table 4.4: Pressure Gradient Data Found From Literature
4.1.6. Geothermal Gradient
4.1.7. Salinity
4.1.8. Relative Permeability
4.1.9. Kozeny-Carman Coefficient
4.1.10. CO2 – Water Diffusion Coefficient
Table 4.9: Diffusion Coefficient of CO2 in Water [62]
4.1.11. Reaction Rates
4.1.12. Formation Dip
4.2. Latin Hypercube Space Filling Design
Table 4.10: Input Variables Used in the Study
4.3.4. Component Properties
4.3.5. Rock-Fluid Data
4.3.6. Initial Conditions
4.3.7. Numerical Control
4.3.8. Well and Recurrent Data
4.4. Predictive Models and Sensitivity Analysis
RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
5.2.1. Reference Depth of the Aquifer
5.2.2. Aquifer Pressure @ Reference Depth
5.2.3 Porosity of the Aquifer
5.2.4. Aquifer Temperature and Formation Water Salinity
Figure 5.13: Aquifer Temperature Sensitivity Analysis
5.2.5. Irreducible Water Saturation
5.2.6. Horizontal Permeability of the Aquifer
5.2.9. Diffusion Coefficient of CO2 in Water
5.2.10. Forward and Backward Reaction Rates
Figure 5.23: Forward Reaction Rate Sensitivity Analysis
Figure 5.24: Backward Reaction Rate Sensitivity Analysis
5.2.11. Kozeny-Carman Coefficient
5.2.12. Overall Discussion of Sensitivity Analysis
5.2.13. Reduced Form of the Predictive Model
CONCLUSION
RECOMMENDATIONS
REFERENCES
CORRELATION COEFFICIENTS OF DESIGN VARIABLES
DISTRIBUTION OF SIMULATION INPUT VARIABLES
PROJECTED DISTRIBUTION OF DESIGN POINTS
SIMULATION TEXT FILE
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Published by Ashkan Bahrami

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Published by: Ashkan Bahrami on Nov 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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