Red Flags for Potential Serious Conditions in Patients with Neck and Shoulder Problems
Red Flags for the Neck and Shoulder Region
ConditionRed FlagData obtained duringInterview/HistoryRed FlagData obtained duringPhysical Exam
Cervical Fracturesor LigamentousInstabilities
Major trauma such as a motor vehicleaccident or a fall from a height withassociated immediate onset of neck painRheumatoid arthritis or Down’ssyndromeMidline cervical spine tendernessPositive ligamentous integrity tests:Sharp-Purser testAlar ligament integrity testApprehension with or inability to actively rotatehead < 45
Cervical CentralCord Lesion
Older ageHistory of a trauma (esp. MVA or fall)IncontinenceGait disturbances due to hyperreflexic lowerextremitiesUpper extremity (especially hand) sensory andmotor deficits, and atrophyPancoast tumor
Men over 50 with a history of cigarettesmoking.“Nagging” type pain in the shoulder andalong the vertebral border of thescapula – often progressing toburning pain down the arm into theulnar nerve distribution.
Wheezing with auscultation when tumor obstructsbronchusMay have Horner’s syndromePtosis (drooping eyelid)Constricted pupilSweating disturbances
Septic Arthritis(A-C Joint)
Insidious onset of chest pain localized inthe S-C jointHistory of IV drug use, diabetes, trauma,infection (especially of centralvenous access)Tender S-C jointLimited shoulder movementSwelling over S-C jointFever
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Joe Godges, DPT, MA, OCS KP So Cal Ortho PT Residency