hat is Truncus Arteriosus?
In a child with Truncus Arteriosus (TA), the embryologicalstructure known as the truncus arteriosus does not divideproperly into the aorta and pulmonary artery.
Normally, a child has two main blood vessels leaving the heart²the pulmonary artery that supplies blood to the lungs and theaorta that supplies blood to the body.
A child with Truncus Arteriosus, however, has one large vessel,or truncus, that leaves the heart and later splits to supply boththe lungs and body with blood. Usually this vessel only has onelarge valve, known as the truncal valve.
Children with Truncus Arteriosus also have a ventricle septaldefect (VSD), or a hole in the septum separating the left andright ventricle. The child·s truncus sits on top of this opening.
Information from http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/heart-encyclopedia/anomalies/truncus.htm