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Steps in Balancing Redox Reactions

Steps in Balancing Redox Reactions

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Published by: RUZCHEMISTRY on Nov 24, 2010
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10/13/2013

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STEPS IN BALANCING REDOX REACTIONS
1)The Oxidation Number Methoda)Determine the oxidation numbers for all elements in the reactants and the products. b)Identify which species is being oxidized and which species is being reduced.c)Determine how many electrons are lost by each atom of the oxidized species.d)Determine how many electrons are gained by each atom of the reduced species.e)Balance the number of electrons gained and lost.f)Balance the reaction is balanced for elements. Add H
2
O and H
1+
(
aq
) as necessary.
 
g)Check that the reaction is balanced for charge.2)The Half Reaction MethodA)Identify which compound is oxidized.1)Write the oxidation half reaction.2)Balance the half reaction for elements.3)Add H
2
O and H
1+
(
aq
) as necessary.4)Balance the half reaction for charge by adding electrons as products.B)Identify which compound is reduced1)Write the reduction half reaction
 
 2)Balance the half reaction for elements.3)Add H
2
O and H
1+
(
aq
) as necessary.4)Balance the half reaction for charge by adding electrons as reactants.C)Balance the number of electrons from the oxidation and the reduction.D)Add the two reactions together.E)Check that the reaction is balanced for elements.F)Check that the reaction is balanced for charge.3)If the reaction is in a basic solution.

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