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Japan Under Military Rule(Russel's report)

Japan Under Military Rule(Russel's report)

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Published by Vylet Eclair

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Vylet Eclair on Nov 24, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/20/2012

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JAPAN UNDER MILITARY RULE12
th
to 16
th
century A.D
Namuag, Mark Russel O.
 
Bato kannon
On the entrance of most of theJapanese Buddhisttemples, you can see apair of guardians,the
Nio
(
BenevolentKings), protectors againstthe evil spirits
(
similar tothekoma-inufrom theshinto shrines). Accordingto Japanese traditions,they followed andprotected Buddha when hetraveled throughout India.The statue from the right iscalled Agyo, it is a symbolof overt violence, wieldingavajra-paiand it isrepresented with themouth open, representingthe beginning of theuniverse.
 
Heiji
monogatar 
i
The Tale of Heijiis a Japanesewar epic
(
gunk 
i mo
n
o
gatar 
) detailingthe events of 
 
theHeiji Rebellionof 1159-1160, in which
 
samurai clanheadMinamoto no Yoshitomoattackedand besiegedKyoto, as part of anImperial succession dispute, in whichhe was opposed byTaira no Kiyomori,head of theTaira clan.T
 
he Tale, likemost
mo
n
o
gatar 
exists in three mainforms: written, oral, and painted.
The original text is sometimesattributed toHamuro Tokinaga, and iswritten in 36 ch
 
apters. As is the casewith most other 
mo
n
o
gatar 
, the text hasbeen rewritten and revised many timesover the years, and developed into anoral tradition as well. Most often,the
ale
of H 
e
iji 
would be chanted as acontinuation of the
ale
of H
gen
,which relates the events of the closelyrelatedHgen Rebellion.
The picture scroll version of the tale,called
e
iji mo
n
o
gatar 
e
m
ak 
or 
e
iji mo
n
o
gatar 
ek 
o
ob
a
, dat
 
es to the 13thcentury, and is generally attributedtoSumiyoshi Keion. It tells the tale incolor on paper, on five scrolls. Eachscroll begins and ends with a writtenportion of the tale, describing theevents depicted in a single continuouspainting across the length of the scroll.Perhaps the most famous scene of these five scrolls is the burning of theNight Attack on the Sanj Palace

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