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Tolerances, Limits, Fits and Surface Finish

Tolerances, Limits, Fits and Surface Finish

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Published by: Rap itttt on Aug 01, 2008
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11/07/2012

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1
Concepts IConcepts ITolerances, Limits, Fits andTolerances, Limits, Fits andSurface FinishesSurface Finishes
Tuesday 6Tuesday 6
thth
WeekWeek
KoganKogan#2 Redo Feedback#2 Redo Feedback
50% of those eligible redid assignment50% of those eligible redid assignment
nn
Those who did not continue to make poorThose who did not continue to make poordecisionsdecisions
All but one person of those attemptingAll but one person of those attemptingassignment again raised their grade to a Cassignment again raised their grade to a C –  – excellent.excellent.
 
2
TolerancesTolerances
(In week 2 we spoke briefly about Tolerances)(In week 2 we spoke briefly about Tolerances)
No feature of a component can be perfect (i.e., noNo feature of a component can be perfect (i.e., nosurface flat, no hole round etc), because of thesurface flat, no hole round etc), because of themanufacturing processmanufacturing processThus, when dimensioning any featureThus, when dimensioning any feature
nn
Basic nominal dimensionBasic nominal dimension
nn
Permitted variability (tolerance)Permitted variability (tolerance)
nn
Dimensions should be given in as large a tolerances as possibleDimensions should be given in as large a tolerances as possiblewithout interfering with the function of the part to reducewithout interfering with the function of the part to reduceproduction costs.production costs.
20,1519,9920 ±0,01LimitsUnilateral20 + 0,15-0,01Bilateral
LimitsLimits
ExampleExample
§§
Journal bearings are designed to operate at high rotational speeJournal bearings are designed to operate at high rotational speedd
§§
If the clearance between the inner and outer diameter is to smalIf the clearance between the inner and outer diameter is to small thel thebearing will seizebearing will seize
§§
If the clearance is to big the shaft will vibrateIf the clearance is to big the shaft will vibrate
§§
Limits on the size of the shaft and hole provide correct operatiLimits on the size of the shaft and hole provide correct operationon
ClearanceClearanceNominal diameter = 20mmNominal diameter = 20mmClose running fit = H8/f7Close running fit = H8/f7f7: Shaft = 19,980 to 19,959f7: Shaft = 19,980 to 19,959H8: Hole = 20,000 to 20,033H8: Hole = 20,000 to 20,033Clearance = 20 to 74 micronClearance = 20 to 74 micron
φφ
20,00 H8/f720,00 H8/f7
 
3
Limits (continued)Limits (continued)
ExampleExample
§§
Spool valve has a shaft that translatesSpool valve has a shaft that translates
§§
This time the clearance should be a sliding fitThis time the clearance should be a sliding fit
ClearanceClearanceNominal diameter = 20mmNominal diameter = 20mmSliding fit = H7/g6Sliding fit = H7/g6g6: Shaft = 19,993 to 19,980g6: Shaft = 19,993 to 19,980H7: Hole = 20,000 to 20,021H7: Hole = 20,000 to 20,021Clearance = 7 to 28 micronClearance = 7 to 28 micron
φφ
20,00 H7/f620,00 H7/f6
Ranges in TolerancesRanges in Tolerances
Range of tolerances are a function of:Range of tolerances are a function of:
§§
Range of measuring tool accuracyRange of measuring tool accuracy
§§
Range of manufacturing processesRange of manufacturing processes
§§
Range of Limits and fitsRange of Limits and fits
§§
Range of materialRange of materialAs IT # increases so does the rangeAs IT # increases so does the rangeAs nominal size increase so does the rangeAs nominal size increase so does the range
Nominal size rangeISO Tolerances in micronsOver Up toIT1IT2IT3IT4--30,81,22,03,0361,01,52,54,06 101.01,52,54,0Process Tolerance rangeLapping IT4 IT 5Reaming IT6 IT10Drilling IT10 IT11Casting IT9-IT11

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