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Published by: eurolex on Nov 24, 2010
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CHAPTER 73
ARTICLES OF IRON OR STEEL7301 Sheet piling of iron or steel, whether or not drilled, punched or made from assembled elements;welded angles, shapes and sections, of iron or steel
This heading covers sheet piling and welded angles, shapes and sections which have undergone working such as drilling,twisting, etc., provided that such working has not conferred on them the character of products covered elsewhere.
7301 20 00 Angles, shapes and sections
This subheading does not cover perforated angles and ‘Halfen’ angles, shapes and sections (heading No 7308).
7302 Railway or tramway track construction material of iron or steel, the following: rails, check-rails andrack rails, switch blades, crossing frogs, point rods and other crossing pieces, sleepers (cross-ties), fish-plates, chairs, chair wedges, sole plates (base plates), rail clips, bedplates, ties and other material special-ized for jointing or fixing rails
7302 10 10 Current-conducting, with parts of non-ferrous metal
This subheading covers only current-conducting rails, excluding running rails, the contact surface of which is of non-ferrous metal (aluminium, copper) or which are equipped with connecting pieces made of non-ferrous metals.Conductor rails falling within this subheading also commonly called ‘third (or fourth) rails’, have the same cross-section as arunning rail or have a double T or rectangular or trapezoidal etc. cross-section, and are made of steel which is generally softer than that of running rails, because their mechanical properties can be sacrificed to the electrical qualities: the electri-cal resistivity, which in the steel of running rails is about 0,19
×
10
-6
ohmm, is only 0,11 ohmm for steel with a low carboncontent (0,08 % approximately) and manganese content (0,20 %) and even 0,10 ohmm for Armco iron (practically pureiron: 99,9 %).Conductor rails can have an upper, lateral or lower contact and are often protected by a coating of resin which leavesuncovered the side on which the skid runs.
7302 10 90 Used
(ECSC)
This subheading does not include used rails regarded as scrap of heading No 7204, for example, twisted rails and cut up railsless than 1,5 m in length.
7303 00 Tubes, pipes and hollow profiles, of cast iron
7303 00 10 Tubes and pipes of a kind used in pressure systems
This subheading includes cast iron tubes and pipes commonly used as supply lines (often buried) for gas and water andwhich can withstand a pressure of at least 10,13 bar. Such tubes and pipes are manufactured almost exclusively fromparticularly high-strength ductile cast iron (minimum tensile strength: 420 MPa) and must possess particularly goodmechanical properties (in particular plastic deformation) if they are not to facture as a result of gradual shifts in the soil.They therefore have a yield point of at least 300 MPa.
7304 Tubes, pipes and hollow profiles, seamless, of iron (other than cast iron) or steel
Articles of this heading of a length which does not exceed twice the greatest external dimension of the cross-section are notconsidered as tubes or pipes. They are considered to be either tube or pipe fittings (heading No 7307) or washers (headingNo 7318).
7304 31 91 Precision tubes
The products of this subheading are characterized by their smooth, shiny or polished internal or external surfaces and by the fact that their tolerances are stricter than those for hot-finished tubes.Tubes meeting the requirements of ISO Standard 3304 and the related national standards are used for applications such ashydraulic or pneumatic circuits, shock absorbers, hydraulic or pneumatic screws, and generally for the fabrication of partsfor motor vehicles, motors or machines.
Official Journal of the European Communities
13.7.2000272
EN
 
However, tubes meeting the provisions of ISO Standards 2604 and 6759 and the relevant national standards are used asconduits in pessure vessels: boilers, superheaters, heat exchangers and feedwater heaters for power stations, where thetolerances imposed on precision tubing are required.
7304 39 10 Unworked, straight and of uniform wall-thickness, for use solely in the manufacture of tubes and pipes with othercross-sections and wall-thicknesses
This subheading includes seamless steel tubes usually obtained by piercing and hot-rolling or by piercing and hot-drawing;they are usually called ‘blanks’. They are intended to be transformed into tubes of other shapes and wall-thickness with moereduced dimensional tolerances.They are presented with the ends roughly cut-off and deburred but are otherwise unfinished. Their exterior and interiorsurfaces are rough and not descaled. They are not oiled, zinc-coated or painted.
7304 39 51and7304 39 59Threaded or threadable tubes (gas pipe)
These tubes are obtained by hot-rolling and calibration. They have external diameters of 13,5 to 165,1 mm, and are deliv-ered with smooth ends or threaded ends with sleeves. They have either unfinished surfaces or surfaces with a layer of zinc orother protective product, e.g., plastic or bitumen.Hot finishing gives them mechanical properties which enable them to be cut to the length at which they are to be used, bentand where necessary threaded in situ.They are used mainly for the distribution of steam, water or gas in buildings.They meet the requirements of the ISO Standard 65 and the relevant national standards.
7304 49 10 Unworked, straight and of uniform wall-thickness, for use solely in the manufacture of tubes and pipes with othercross-sections and wall-thicknesses
See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7304 39 10.
7304 51 91 Precision tubes
See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7304 31 91.
7304 59 10 Unworked, straight and of uniform wall-thickness, for use solely in the manufacture of tubes and pipes with othercross-sections and wall-thicknesses
See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7304 39 10.
7305 Other tubes and pipes (for example, welded, riveted or similarly closed), having circular cross-sections,the external diameter of which exceeds 406,4 mm, of iron or steel
The Explanatory Notes to heading No 7304 apply,
mutatis mutandis
.
7306 Other tubes, pipes and hollow profiles (for example, open seam or welded, riveted or similarly closed),of iron or steel
The Explanatory Notes to heading No 7304 apply,
mutatis mutandis
.
7306 30 21and7306 30 29Precision tubes, with a wall thickness
These subheadings cover both precision tubes not further worked than calibrated and precision tubes welded and cold-drawn.1.
Tubes not further worked than calibrated
These tubes are generally obtained by continuous welding, without filler metal, by electrical resistance or inductionwelding, from coiled flat-rolled products, hot-rolled or cold-rolled, after cold forming in the longitudinal direction.For the most part, their surfaces are free of scale and oiled, as a result of lubrication during forming, welding andcalibrating. There is no external weld seam, this having been ground down immediately after welding. In some cases, theweld seam is also removed from the internal surface of the product.Following cold working and calibration, these products are delivered in the word-hardened state, unless heat treatmentfor the regeneration of the structure is not required;They are mainly used for the manufacture of parts of motor vehicles or machines, metal furniture, bicycle frames,perambulators, gates and balustrades.
Official Journal of the European Communities
13.7.2000 273
EN
 
They meet the requiements of ISO Standard 3306 and the relevant national standards.2.
Welded, drawn tubes
These tubes can be distinguished from welded precision tubes not further worked than calibrated by the fact that norace of a weld seam exists either on the external or on the internal surface of the tube and that their dimensionaltolerances are stricter.Their uses are the same as those in subheadings 7304 31 91 and 7304 51 91.They meet the requirements of ISO Standard 3305, or those of ISO Standards 2604 and 6758 if they are used forpessure vessels.
7306 30 51and7306 30 59Threaded or threadable tubes (gas pipe)
These tubes are made by the weld-forging process after hot working. For the other characteristics and uses see the Explana-tory Notes to subheadings 7304 39 51 and 7304 39 59.
7306 50 91 Precision tubes
See the Explanatory Notes to subheadings 7306 30 21 and 7306 30 29.
7307 Tube or pipe fittings (for example, couplings, elbows, sleeves), of iron or steel
7307 11 10and7307 11 90Of non-malleable cast iron
The expression ‘non-malleable’ includes lamellar graphite cast iron.These subheadings cover cast iron fittings, such as elbows, bends, sleeves, ties, collars and tees. They are connected to tubesor pipes of cast iron or steel by screwing, contact or by mechanical assembly.
7307 19 10 Of malleable cast iron
Malleable cast iron is an intermediate product between lamellar graphite iron (grey iron) and cast steel. It can be easily castand becomes tough and malleable after suitable heat treatment. During the heat treatment, the carbon partly disappears orchanges its make-up; it finally deposits in the form of nodules which do not impair metallic cohesion to such an extent asthe graphite flakes in grey cast iron.Where the carbon content is 2 % or less by weight, the products are regarded as being of cast steel and fall within subhead-ing 7307 19 90 (see Note 1 to this chapter).The expression malleable includes spheroidal graphite cast iron.See also the Explanatory Notes to subheadings 7307 11 10 and 7307 11 90, second paragraph.
7307 23 10 Elbows and bends
This subheading includes elbows and bends of constant thickness throughout their generating lines, as described in ISOStandard 3419-1981 and in the relevant national standards.Their ends are cut square and, in products with thicker walls, are chamfered to facilitate welding to the tubes.The fittings are pesented with either 45
o
or 90
o
bends (known as elbows) or with 180
o
bends (known as bends).This subheading also covers elbows and bends the thickness of which is not constant.
7307 23 90 Other
This subheading covers mainly tees and crosses, sleeves, plugs and concentric or eccentric reducers described in ISO Stan-dard 3419-1981 and in the relevant national standards.With respect to the finishing of the ends see the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7307 23 10.
7307 93 11 Elbows and bends
See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7307 23 10.
7307 93 19 Other
See the Explanatory Notes to subheading 7307 23 90.
Official Journal of the European Communities
13.7.2000274
EN

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