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Plywood Rishi

Plywood Rishi

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Published by Shreyash Patil

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Published by: Shreyash Patil on Nov 25, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Who invented plywood
It was the Egyptians, around 3500 B.C., who first thought of sticking several thinner layers of woodtogether to make one thick layer. They originally did this during a shortage of quality wood, gluingveneers (very thin layers of good wood) over not-so-good wood. What we know as plywood todaywas invented by Emmanuel Nobel, father of Alfred Nobel, the famous inventor of dynamite andfounder of the Nobel Prize. Emmanuel realised that several thinner layers of wood bonded togetherwould be stronger that one single thick layer of wood. His idea is now a staple of the constructionindustry, used in floors and roofing.
 Plywood ManufacturingMANUFACTURING PROCESSPlywoods are manufactured by the procedure as follows :
Timber logs
are soaked in water to make them workable on various machines.
eets of Veneers
are peeled from the logs. During peeling knots, barks and other naturaldefects are removed. The good quality of veneers are then send for drying.
is done in seasoning chambers, moisture content from the wooden veneers are broughtdown to approximately 5 to 10%. If there is higher moisture content, the absorption of bondingglue is affected. Thus for proper manufacturing of Plywoods it is important to bring the moisturecontent low to aid absorption of bonding glue.
is done by passing the veneers through Glue Spreader which spreads bonding glue(Phenol phormaldihyde) on both sides over the veneers.CONSTRUCTION OF PLYWOODSThe Veneers are stalked, one above the other, alternatively along and across the grains to therequired thickness of plywood. Face veneers on both the top and bottom layer is put intoconstruction here. The Film is also laid during the construction on top and bottom of the FaceVeneers, for manufacturing of film faced shuttering plywood.
Pressing :
The constructed Veneers layers are sent into the hot press for pressing. Pressing timeand temperature depends on the thickness of glue type and density of Plywood. The Plywoodsheet with number of veneers is formed after pressing.
izing :
The pressed sheet of Plywood is then passed through parallel saw to make plywood onrequired sizes and right angles at corners.
Testing :
One sheet on each lot of Plywood is sent to the lab for testing as per IS codes. Balancesheets are marked, checked and stalked in dispatch godown ready for dispatch.
Century Plyboards (India) LimitedManufacturer of No. 1 Selling Plyboards
CENTURY Plyboards (I) Limited, the makers of the well-known "Century"brand of plywood, was set up in the year 1986 in Kolkata and today it is theleading brand in India. Creating a special niche for itself in a short period,Century today manufacturers the entire range of commercial, marine,concrete, shuttering and decorative plywood.
Century has the distinction of becoming the first ISO 9002 company in Indiafor veneer and plywood. Most probably till now it is the only ISO 9002company for veneer and plywood.
It has its manufacturing facilities at DH Road at Bishnupur, between Jokaand Amtala. The facility comprises 10 acre plot of land with 5 acre coveredarea with world class selection of plant and machinery.
Product Range
Century's product range includes almost all the varieties of plywood, such ascommercial plywood, boiling water-proof plywood, decorative plywood,shuttering plywood, block board, filmface plywood etc.
After two years of rigorous R&D in the year 1998, Century introduced 100percent termite and borer proof plywood with 7 years comprehensivewarranty and launched the new product in the market with wide publicityand thereafter within a few months it became the top selling brand of plywood in the country. As on date the borer proof decorative plywoodintroduced by Century has become the minimum bench mark in the plywoodindustry. Thereafter with the help of IPIRTI, Century undertook another R&Dproject that is of making 100 per cent boiling water-proof decorativeplywood. So far decorative plywood was available without boiling water proof due to various constraints in manufacturing the same. Century successfullyconcluded its R&D and made a new mark with another innovative producti.e. 100 per cent boiling waterproof decorative plywood - almost at the sameprice being charged by its competitors for general products.
Since the last few years, Century is maintaining an annual growth of approximately 40 percent and has already reached No.1 status in the IndianPlywood Market and selling more than everybody and atleast 30 per centmore than its immediate rivals
People behind the Company :
The Company is headed by Mr. Sajjan Bhajanka as Managing Director andMr. Sanjay Agarwal as Deputy Managing Director. Whereas Mr. Bhajanka isa well-known name in plywood and is involved with its products andstrategic planning, Mr Sanjay Agarwal, who is also a part of strategicplanning, heads the aggressive marketing and sales of the company'sproducts.
The Company finds the plywood industry is slowly, but surely waking up tothe needs of the demanding and knowledgeable customer and it is upgradingits products so as to last longer and it is good to see Century taking the leadin the change.
Market Share:
It is roughly presumed that the total size of Indian Plywood Market is aroundRs.5000 crores in value terms and around 60 crores sq. metres of plywoodon 4mm basis in quantity terms. The market is divided between twocategories i.e. (1) branded products and (2) non-branded products. Until1970 the share of branded products was 90% in comparison to 10% of non-branded products but now the situation has been almost reversed and thebranded products have only 10 per cent market share. Generally brandedproducts are being manufactured by the plywood factories in the mediumscale, who are paying all the taxes and excise duty, whereas non-brandedproducts are mostly being manufactured by SSI units, most of whom areavailing excise and sales tax exemptions. These SSI units generally are notfully integrated ones. They buy semi-processed raw material and do thepressing and finishing jobs in their factories. Thus excise duty collection islargely from the branded products. The total duty collection from plywoodindustry is estimated to be Rs.70 crores, out of which Century's contributionis likely to be more than Rs.7 crores i.e. around 10 percent of the totalexcise collection in the country from the plywood industry. When the excisecontribution of Century is compared with other branded plywoodmanufacturers, Century is the highest excise contributor and the nextcontributor is 30 to 40 percent below it, followed by further lowercontributors. In the western and southern markets, Century is the No. 1selling brand, whereas in other markets it is among the top three. Thecompany has achieved a considerable growth in turnover by 36 per cent inthe year 1997-98, 48 per cent in 1998-99 and 52 percent in 1999-2000. Ithas achieved a turnover of Rs.116 crores during 2000-01 resulting in agrowth of 20 percent.
Ply Marts, Inc.

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