Who invented plywood
It was the Egyptians, around 3500 B.C., who first thought of sticking several thinner layers of woodtogether to make one thick layer. They originally did this during a shortage of quality wood, gluingveneers (very thin layers of good wood) over not-so-good wood. What we know as plywood todaywas invented by Emmanuel Nobel, father of Alfred Nobel, the famous inventor of dynamite andfounder of the Nobel Prize. Emmanuel realised that several thinner layers of wood bonded togetherwould be stronger that one single thick layer of wood. His idea is now a staple of the constructionindustry, used in floors and roofing.
Plywood ManufacturingMANUFACTURING PROCESSPlywoods are manufactured by the procedure as follows :
are soaked in water to make them workable on various machines.
eets of Veneers
are peeled from the logs. During peeling knots, barks and other naturaldefects are removed. The good quality of veneers are then send for drying.
is done in seasoning chambers, moisture content from the wooden veneers are broughtdown to approximately 5 to 10%. If there is higher moisture content, the absorption of bondingglue is affected. Thus for proper manufacturing of Plywoods it is important to bring the moisturecontent low to aid absorption of bonding glue.
is done by passing the veneers through Glue Spreader which spreads bonding glue(Phenol phormaldihyde) on both sides over the veneers.CONSTRUCTION OF PLYWOODSThe Veneers are stalked, one above the other, alternatively along and across the grains to therequired thickness of plywood. Face veneers on both the top and bottom layer is put intoconstruction here. The Film is also laid during the construction on top and bottom of the FaceVeneers, for manufacturing of film faced shuttering plywood.
The constructed Veneers layers are sent into the hot press for pressing. Pressing timeand temperature depends on the thickness of glue type and density of Plywood. The Plywoodsheet with number of veneers is formed after pressing.
The pressed sheet of Plywood is then passed through parallel saw to make plywood onrequired sizes and right angles at corners.
One sheet on each lot of Plywood is sent to the lab for testing as per IS codes. Balancesheets are marked, checked and stalked in dispatch godown ready for dispatch.