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Published by: Ananthakrishnan Karur on Nov 25, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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VISARI (FAN)Dear friends,Today my posting is about Visiri (Fans) ± nostalgic and current models. I am extremely happy three or four memberswrite to me every day responding to my postings and the moderators too find my postings fit among all serious topicsdiscussed, which encourage me to continue. Some members remind me of new topics, some missing additional points worthto include.Let me go over to my nostalgic visaries.SincerelyGopala Krishnan 15-10-2010.1. Palm leaf visariEven after electrification most of our houses in native had lights only. Probably non availability of fans or itsluxury, I am not able to say. There would have been a feeling our small beams could not with stand the momentum gainedduring running.Palm leaf visari was quite common and after meals every body wanted a visiri in the summer after- noons.If some body else was ready for fanning a person it was more liked and mostly never refused. In old Tharvad type richhouses the women folk had servant girls for carrying out similar petty works.In each house, three or four Palm leaf fans used to be there and old ones on replacement were used to fan kitchen firealso.2. Visari and Kasi yatraAlong with umbrella, stick, religious book, visari is a must for the bridegroom during Kasi yatra. Some shops stillsell Palm leaf visari for similar purposes. Now a day palm leaf has some replacement with fibre leaves so arranged andmade and sometimes visiri made of peacock feather visiri is used.3. Visari in danamDuring annual sraadha and immediate to death ceremonies, danam include visiri. During Sraadha performed at Varanasi tooVisari is included as a danam Item.4. Magistrate's Panka.On earlier days when electricity was not available there were metallic fans fitted and rotated by pulling of a ropethough pullies in government offices for senior officers. They were called Panka. There were panka men and one of myperiappa was a Panka man in magistrate court. We use to hear from elders when the magistrate say "Kattu" (Wind) he willpull the rope. When the magistrate say "Mathi" (Sufficient) pulling will be stopped.5. Aalavattam and VenchamaramThese were two fanning items mostly associated with temples and royals. Aalavattam is made of peacock feather andbigger in size than of visari. Vencharamaram as name indicate a white chamaram (bunch of tiny looms similar to silk)fitted to a holder. When a lot of wind moves is created near the person. Aalavattam and venchamaram are used by othersto comfort a king queen or similar dignitaries.In temple festivals during sree Bali one person will fan Alavattam and other Venchamaram. They will be sitting orstanding behind the person holding the jeevatha over the elephant. The belief is God is feeling comforted by thefanning.5.1 Sweating of Muruga at Tiruchandur templeThere is a practice in Tiruchendur temple- the idol will be frequently fanned with a chamaram to avoid the sweatingcoming from the idol.During British regime, once the Madurai district collector visited the temple. He enquired the reason for fanning. Hewas informed unless fanned the idol will be sweating.He astonished and remarked- "Idol will sweat? What foolishness- stops it?"In his presence with in minutes the idol started sweating and drops of sweat started falling down since fanning wasstopped.Repenting over his action, the collector asked to continue fanning and complimented a silver pot immediately availableto him to the deity. I have read the pot is still available in the sanctum of Tiruchandur temple.6. Peacock feather visiriVisiri with peacock feather was rare earlier days but now it is quite common. It was costlier also earlier days. Now inT Nagar Chennai platforms it is available for a price ranging from 60-80 rupees- an unbelievable price.This visiri is very soft and could well use for fanning kids during power failure.
 7. Electric fansThe electric fans became common in 1965 period. Its weight was initially very high and about 15 kgs. Now fans weigh 4-7Kgs only maximum. These fans are called ceiling fans since fitted to the roof (ceiling)On earlier days the fan was fitted to a strengthy beam, sometimes adding one more additional beam close or new concretebeam placed. Fan was fitted to beam with a hook bolted and nutted at two or three places.Now in all buildings specific locations are already provided with hooks to hold the fan. Ceiling fan come in differentcolours. The only problem with the ceiling fan now is the frequent failure of running condenser which may at leastoccur once in a year. There is no caution- The fan stop all on a sudden.The most important thing I wanted to mention is electrical items is comparatively very cheaper and more durable. We canget good quality fans for about 1000-1500 rupees from a standard company.8. How will we distinguish between DC and A C fans?This was a question answer during my degree course period. There are two essential parts in the motor. One is statorand other rotar. In AC fans which we use we can see the motor is running and wings are connected to it. In DC fans themotor will be firm, moving will be the centre armature to which wings are connected. Now DC fans are miniature fanswhich I discuss later.9. Three Wings and four wings.The electric fans most common is the one with 3 wings. But four wing fans also are available in electric shops. Thewing lengthy varies with in margins in different models.During rotation dust will be collected on the top and bottom of the wings. Periodical cleaning is a must. Once a monthit is minimum required. Now having vacuum cleaners cleaning has become easier but still for top cleaning extra effortsis required.I have read else where most of the dead human skins find a place in fans dust!!10 Table fans and pedestal fansTable fans was most attracted item by people during 1965's. It provided satisfactory wind and could be kept on stools.It was most liked for bedrooms.Even in those earlier days many missed provision for hook in the ceiling for R CC roofing. Some felt Table fan was morecomfortable for transport. Some how 65-75's was an era of table fans. Every house used to have two or three table fans.The comfort was it could be taken even to varandha and worked using a plug point. We can see these model fans inrailway coaches now.Table fans had child guard so that no worry of children touching wings. They used to come in attractive colours.Now table fans have mostly lost market. Its only use is in temporary military tents, tourist tents or small thatchedhouses today.11. Special use of table fansSome members may wonder is it? Hence I like to add this. When an open well is cleaned before getting down forcleaning, it is advised to run a table fan at the bottom. This can be done by bringing down a table fan tied to a ropeand bring down. The table fan's power supply lead has to be extended to the top where it can be connected to amultiplex box.Running a table fan for half an hour will move up the most dangerous carbon dioxide hidden at bottom to the out sideair and bring oxygen down . I hope you got it. Then it is safe to get down. So well cleaners mostly keep it now also.12. Pedestal fansPedastal fans are for blowing of air. They are specially convenient in shops, marriage halls, big halls of the houseetc. Pedastal fans are bigger table fans, motor with higher RPM, and about 5' feet in height. One of the importantapplications is in Photo studios where high wattage lamps produce very much heat. Normally persons renting shamiana,chairs etc will have two or three pedestal fans too.13. Fan regulatorI do not know most members know it, regulator is a rheostat. By regulating the current through various values ofresistances, the speed is regulated. Whether the fan is kept at position 1 or position 5 of the rheostat, the currentconsumed is the same. Balance current when kept in position 1(resistance maximum and speed very slow) is radiatedthrough a resistance.13.1 External regulatorEarlier there were external regulators. We could see the top getting heated and breaking and we used to replace.

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