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Research and Theory

Research and Theory

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Published by Rorrky Chand
Relationship between research and theory
Relationship between research and theory

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Rorrky Chand on Nov 26, 2010
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05/24/2013

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ASEMINAR ON
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RESEARCHAND THEORY
RESEARCH
According to Oxford encyclopedic English dictionary
a)
The systematic investigation into the study of materials, sources etc. inorder to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
 b)
An endeavour to discover new or collect old facts etc. by scientific study of a subject or by a course of critical investigation.
( D K Lal Das, 2008)
“Any study to create new knowledge or aims toincrease existing fund of- may it be through observation or by some other methods is called as research, if it takes into account the bias”.
 Kerlinger,
 pointed out in a technical way, research is systematic, controlled,empirical and critical investigation of hypothetical propositions about presumed relations among natural phenomenon”.
CHARACTERISTICS OF RESEARCH
 
( Williman,2009,page11)
1)
Gaining experience is an uncontrolled and hazard activity, while research issystematic and controlled.
2)
Reasoning can operate in an abstract world, divorced from reality, whileresearch is empirical and turns to experience and the world around us for validation.
3)
Unlike experience and reason, research aims to be self correcting. The process of research involves rigorously testing and results obtained, andmethods and results are open to public scrutiny and criticism.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RESEARCH AND THEORY1
 
TYPES OF RESEARCH
 
(Williman, 2009, page 112)
a)Comparative b)Descriptivec)Correlationd)Experimentale)Evaluationf)Actiong)Ethnogenyh)Feministi)And Cultural
THEORY
A very hyped term, there is little agreement among social scientist on whattheory is
( D K Lal 2008)
“ a theory refers to the relationship between facts or theordering of them in same meaningful ways”.According to
 Kerlinger 
“a theory is a set of interrelated constructs,definitions and propositions that presents a systematic view of phenomena byspecific by specific relations among variables, with the purpose of explaining and predicting the phenomenon”.By taking the above two definitions we could conclude that a theory is asystematic explanation for the observed facts and their interrelations.Theories are express in the form of statement that is theoretical statement.Theories are living entities, develop and modified by good research
(Silverman D,1998. page 103).
Theories are therefore strongly influence by the level of maturityof the particular specialization.
(Silverman1998.page 103)
Without a theory one could argue that phenomena cant be understood and research can’t be carried out without thetheoretical underpinning or foundation of the models, concepts and theories are
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RESEARCH AND THEORY2
 
self confirming in the sense that they instruct us to look at the phenomena in particular ways.
(Walliman, 2009, page 108)
 
 Reynolds
identified three different concepts of how sets of statements should be organised in order to constitute a theory.
1)
Knowledge is essentially a set of laws- statement that can be considered, for the time being anyway, to be the “Real Thuth”.
2)
What constitute a theory is axiomatic in form i.e. based on self-evidenttruth.
3)
And referred to as the casual process form, such theories are made up of inter related set of definitions and statement.On the other hand theories are law,
(Walliman, 2009)
that described arelationship in which researchers have so much confident that they consider it asabsolute truth.
AXIOMATIC THEORY
Comprises an initial set of statements, each independent of the others andfrom which it is possible to logically derive all other statement o f the theory.
CASUAL PROCESS THEORY
It is designed to promote an understanding of the events of the study. Itconsists of an interrelated set of definitions and statement which not only definesthe theory but described when and where the casual process are expected to occur and explain the casual processes or casual mechanisms by identifying the effect of the independent and dependent variables.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RESEARCH AND THEORY3

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