HEAT4.1 UNDERSTANDING THERMAL EQUILIBRIUM1. Define:(a) Temperature
The measure of the degree of hotness of an object.
Measured in SI unit Kelvin, KA hot object is at a higher temperature than a coldobject.
Form of energy, measured in Joules, J
Heat is transferred from hotter object (higher temperature) to colder object (lower temperature)(b) HeatWhen an object is heated, it will absorb heat energy andthe temperature will increase.When an object is cooled, it will release heat energy andthe temperature will decrease.(c) ThermalcontactTwo objects are in thermal contact when heat energycan be transferred between them.(d) Heat transfer When two objects with different degrees of hotnesscome into thermal contact, heat energy is transferredbetween the two objects.(e) Mechanism of Thermal EquilibriumEnergy is transferred at a faster ratefrom the hotter object to the colder object. Energy is also transferredfrom the colder object to the hotter one, but at a slower rate.There is a net flow of energy from thehotter object to the colder object.The hotter object cools down whilethe colder object warms up .After some time, energy istransferred at the same rate betweenthe two objects. There is no net heattransfer between the objects.The two objects are said to be inthermal equilibrium.(f) ThermalEquilibriumWhen two objects are in thermal equilibrium, there isno net flow of heat between them.Two objects in thermal equilibrium have the sametemperature