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Signalized Intersections Informational Guide

Signalized Intersections Informational Guide

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Published by bradlanier
Guide for the design of Signalized Intersections, USDOT
Guide for the design of Signalized Intersections, USDOT

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Published by: bradlanier on Nov 27, 2010
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05/05/2014

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Publication No.FHWA-HRT-04-091
 
 
FOREWORD
This report complements the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials(AASHTO) Strategic Highway Safety Plan to develop guidance on safety of nonsignalized and signalizedintersections. The goal is to reduce the annual number of highway deaths. This guide is acomprehensive document that contains methods for evaluating the safety and operations of signalizedintersections and tools to remedy deficiencies. The treatments in this guide range from low-costmeasures such as improvements to signal timing and signage, to high-cost measures such asintersection reconstruction or grade separation. Topics covered include fundamental principles of userneeds, geometric design, and traffic design and operation; safety and operational analysis techniques;and a wide variety of treatments to address existing or projected problems, including individualmovements and approaches, pedestrian and bicycle treatments, and corridor techniques. It also includescoverage of alternative intersection forms that improve intersection performance through the use ofindirect left turns and other treatments. Each treatment includes a discussion of safety, operationalperformance, multimodal issues, and physical and economic factors that the practitioner should consider.Although the guide has considerable focus on high-volume signalized intersections, many treatments alsoare applicable for lower volume intersections. The information contained in this guide is based on thelatest research on available treatments and best practices in use by jurisdictions across the UnitedStates. Additional resources and references are highlighted for the student, practitioner, researcher, ordecisionmaker who wishes to learn more about a particular subject.Copies of this report may be obtained from the Research and Technology Report Center, 9701Philadelphia Court, Unit Q, Lanham, MD 20706; telephone: 301–577–0818; fax: 301–577–1421; or theNational Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161; telephone:703–487–4650; fax: 703–321–8547.Michael F. TrentacosteDirectorOffice of Safety Research and Development
NOTICE
This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Transportation inthe interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for its contents or usethereof. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.The U.S. Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade and manufacturers’names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the object of this document.
QUALITY ASSURANCE STATEMENT
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provides high-quality information to serve Government,industry, and the public in a manner that promotes public understanding. Standards and policies are usedto ensure and maximize the quality, objectivity, utility, and integrity of its information. FHWA periodicallyreviews quality issues and adjusts its programs and processes to ensure continuous qualityimprovement.
 
 
Technical Report Documentation Page
1. Report No.FHWA-HRT-04-0912. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.5. Report DateAugust 20044. Title and SubtitleSignalized Intersections: Informational Guide6. Performing Organization Code7. Author(s)Principal Investigator: Lee A. RodegerdtsCo-Investigators: Brandon Nevers, Bruce RobinsonCo-Authors: John Ringert, Peter Koonce, Justin Bansen, Tina Nguyen, JohnMcGill, Del Stewart, Jeff Suggett, Tim Neuman, Nick Antonucci, Kelly Hardy,Ken Courage8. Performing Organization Report No.Project 477010. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)9. Performing Organization Name and AddressKittelson & Associates, Inc.610 SW Alder Street, Suite 700Portland, OR 97205Subconsultants: Synectics Transportation Consultants, Inc.; CH2M Hill, Inc.; andKen Courage11. Contract or Grant No.Contract No. DTFH61-98-C-00075,Task Order No. B98C75-00913. Type of Report and Period CoveredInformational Guide Book October 2001 to June 200412. Sponsoring Agency Name and AddressFederal Highway AdministrationTurner-Fairbank Highway Research Center6300 Georgetown Pike, HSR 20, Room No. T301McLean, VA 2210114. Sponsoring Agency Code15. Supplementary NotesJoe G. Bared (Joe.Bared@fhwa.dot.gov) at the Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center (http://www.tfhrc.gov) was the TechnicalRepresentative for the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). Project focus group members contributed significantly to documentorganization, content, and exhibits: Tom Hicks, Maryland State Highway Administration; Nick Kalivoda, Louisiana Department of Transportation; Nazir Lalani, Ventura County (California); John Mason, Pennsylvania State University; and Brian Walsh, WashingtonState Department of Transportation. In addition, many FHWA staff members participated as focus group members and/or providedcomments throughout the project, including Carl Andersen, David Gibson, Hari Kalla, Ray Krammes, Barbara McMillen, Bill Prosser,Fred Ranck, Tamara Redmon, Essie Wagner, and Scott Wainwright.16. AbstractThis guide provides a single, comprehensive document with methods for evaluating the safety and operations of signalized intersectionsand tools to remedy deficiencies. The treatments in this guide range from low-cost measures such as improvements to signal timing andsignage, to high-cost measures such as intersection reconstruction or grade separation. Topics covered include fundamental principles of user needs, geometric design, and traffic design and operation; safety and operational analysis techniques; and a wide variety of treatments to address existing or projected problems, including individual movements and approaches, pedestrian and bicycletreatments, and corridor techniques. It also covers alternative intersection forms that improve intersection performance through the useof indirect left turns and other treatments. Each treatment includes a discussion of safety, operational performance, multimodal issues,and physical and economic factors that the practitioner should consider. Although the guide focuses primarily on high-volume signalizedintersections, many treatments are applicable for lower volume intersections as well. The information contained in this guide is based onthe latest research available on treatments and best practices in use by jurisdictions across the United States. Additional resources andreferences are highlighted for the student, practitioner, researcher, or decisionmaker who wishes to learn more about a particular subject.17. Key WordsSignalized Intersections, Intersection Safety, Intersection Design, IntersectionPerformance, Intersection Treatments18. Distribution Statement19. Security Classif. (of this report)Unclassified20. Security Classif. (of this page)Unclassified21. No. of Pages36922. Price
 
Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized
 

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