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Tutorial - IP Telephony

Tutorial - IP Telephony

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Published by Russell Billah

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Published by: Russell Billah on Nov 27, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/01/2013

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IP Telephony TutorialAnders Borg, Abiro 1 (of 13)
IP Telephony Tutorial
Anders Borg, Abiro, revision 4, September 25, 2000anders.borg@abiro.com,http://www.abiro.com 
Contents
Introduction...........................................................................................................2Terms....................................................................................................................3Technology............................................................................................................4System components...............................................................................................6H.323.................................................................................................................6SIP.....................................................................................................................6MGCP...............................................................................................................6Protocol elements..................................................................................................7Products.................................................................................................................8IP telephone.......................................................................................................8Audio/video surveillance....................................................................................8Wireless access point with IP Telephony............................................................8IP Telephony gateway for small and branch offices............................................8IP Telephony gateway for homes.......................................................................9Other voice appliances.......................................................................................9IP Faxing...........................................................................................................9IP Telephony pros................................................................................................10Lower cost.......................................................................................................10Less bandwidth need........................................................................................10Use of cheaper infrastructure components........................................................10Enhanced features............................................................................................10Higher quality..................................................................................................11IP Telephony cons...............................................................................................12Bandwidth and latency.....................................................................................12Interoperability................................................................................................12PBX capabilities..............................................................................................12References...........................................................................................................13
 
IP Telephony TutorialAnders Borg, Abiro 2 (of 13)
Introduction
IP Telephony is a vast new field that principally solves a simple need: Enabling use of LAN and Internet WAN infrastructure for telephony, replacing more or less the use of PSTN and local (and proprietary) media for that purpose. What will become apparentis that IP Telephony is not limited to just this. The technologies that IP telephony isbased on can, beyond pure voice, achieve:
 
Data and video conferencing
 
Enhanced services enabled by the fact that it’s all digital
 
Integration with Internet and intranet messaging services will become obvious
 
Multi-line telephony via a single broadband link 
 
No cost for certain applications (e.g. peer-to-peer telephony/conferencing)IP Telephony will evolve beyond devices and services we normally associate withtelephony, like e.g. entry phones, integration in notebooks, PDA’s, access/web pads,printers and copiers (e.g. for helpdesk access), dedicated audio and video surveillancedevices, etc.
 
IP Telephony TutorialAnders Borg, Abiro 3 (of 13)
Terms
IP Telephony is known by many names, including Internet Telephony and Voice overIP (VoIP), etc. The term IP Telephony is used here because Internet Telephonyindicates specific use of the Internet as transport media, and VoIP indicates any kindof voice over IP, not just telephony.The Public Switched Telephony Network (PSTN) is the global telephony system weuse every day.ITU stands for International Telecommunication Union, the standards body for mostthings telephony and fax related.The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) deals with Internet protocols, includingalso IP Telephony and IP Faxing.

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