David K. McAlpine: Australasian Platystomatidae 115
no platystomatids. South Island, New Zealand, provides thesouthernmost recorded habitat of playtstomatids, in view of their apparent absence from southern parts of South America.On the basis of present knowledge, it appears thatAustralasia harbours the most diverse platystomatid faunaof any biogeographic region. New Guinea is likely to havea particularly large number of undiscovered species (seediscussion in McAlpine, 1994). About 80% of the speciessorted from New Caledonia remain undescribed, and itwould not be surprising if some other island groups provesignificant sources of new discoveries.Of the Australasian genera 34 (64%) are endemic to theRegion. These are:
Achias, Aetha, Angitula, Apactoneura, Apiola, Asyntona, Atopognathus, Bama, Brea, Chaetorivellia,Cleitamia, Cleitamoides, Duomyia, Eumeka, Euxestomoea,Guamomyia, Hysma, Inium, Laglaisia, Lenophila, Loriomyia, Loxoneuroides, Mesoctenia, Montrouziera, Par,Pseudocleitamia, Pseudorichardia, Phlyax, Scotinosoma,Signa, Tarfa, Terzia, Tomeus, Zealandortalis
. Of theremaining 20 genera all except
extend to theOriental Region:
Antineura, Conicipithea, Elassogaster, Euprosopia, Lamprogaster, Lamprophthalma, Meringomeria, Microepicausta, Naupoda, Neohemigaster, Plagiostenopterina,Pogonortalis, Pseudepicausta, Pterogenia, Rhytidortalis, Rivellia, Scholastes, Trigonosoma, Zygaenula
.Eight of the Australasian genera are shared with theAfrotropical Region:
Elassogaster, Lamprophthalma, Naupoda, Paryphodes, Plagiostenopterina, Pseudepicausta, Rivellia, Scholastes
.Five of the Australian genera are shared with the PalaearcticRegion:
Elassogaster, Euprosopia, Lamprophthalma, Rhytidortalis, Rivellia
.Only one Australasian genus occurs naturally in theAmericas (both Nearctic and Neotropical Regions), thealmost cosmopolitan
. However, an Australianspecies of
is introduced in California.
was erroneously recorded from Chile on the basis of amislabelled specimen (see McAlpine, 1973a).For the purpose of recording generic distributions, I divideAustralasia into 12 provinces as indicated in Fig. 2. Delimitationof these follows natural barriers and a degree of convenience,rather than national boundaries. Thus the biogeographicallydiffuse areas covered by the terms Indonesia, Papua NewGuinea, and Kiribati have no place in this system. Theboundaries between Micronesia and Polynesia have beensimplified, because ethnic zones are not relevant toplaytstomatid distributions, and because these zones are littleknown and probably largely depauperate in platystomatids.
. Provinces of Australasia which harbour platystomatids. 1, Micronesia. 2, Moluccas. 3, New Guinea. 4,Bismarck Archipelago. 5, Solomon Archipelago. 6, Vanuatu. 7, New Caledonia. 8, Fiji. 9, Australia. 10, NorfolkIsland. 11, New Zealand. 12, Tropical Polynesia. 13, excluded (Oriental Region).