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Trapdoor Spiders

Trapdoor Spiders

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Published by draculavanhelsing
Trapdoor Spiders of the Genus Misgolas
(Mygalomorphae: Idiopidae) from Eastern
New South Wales
Trapdoor Spiders of the Genus Misgolas
(Mygalomorphae: Idiopidae) from Eastern
New South Wales

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Published by: draculavanhelsing on Nov 27, 2010
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04/01/2014

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* author or correspondence
Trapdoor Spiders of the Genus
 Misgolas
 (Mygalomorphae: Idiopidae) from EasternNew South Wales, With Notes on Genetic Variation
G
raham
W
ishart
1
*
and
d
avid
m. r
oWell
2
1
Research Associate, Australian Museum, 6 College Street, Sydney NSW 2010, Australiagwishart@tpg.com.au
2
School o Botany and Zoology, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, AustraliaDavid.Rowell@anu.edu.au
a
bstract
. This paper reports on species o the idiopid trapdoor spider genus
 Misgolas
Karsch, 1878ound in the Central Coast, Newcastle and Lower Mid-North Coast Regions o New South Wales,Australia. They comprise twenty-two new species:
 M. mudfordae
n.sp.,
 M. thompsonae
n.sp.,
 M.tarnawskiae
n.sp.,
 M. dougweiri
n.sp.,
 M. maxhicksi
n.sp.,
 M. campbelli
n.sp.,
 M. yorkmainae
n.sp.,
 M.helensmithae
n.sp.,
 M. weigelorum
n.sp.,
 M. taiti
n.sp.,
 M. sydjordanae
n.sp.,
 M. davidwilsoni
n.sp.,
 M.crawfordorum
n.sp.,
 M. watsonorum
n.sp.,
 M. raveni
n.sp.,
 M. fredcoylei
n.sp.,
 M. billsheari
n.sp.,
 M.baehrae
n.sp.,
 M. macei
n.sp.,
 M. grayi
n.sp.,
 M. browningi
n.sp. and
 M. linklateri
n.sp. Three speciesdealt with in Wishart (2006) are also included in the region covered by this work:
 M. melancholicus, M. villosus
and
 M. gracilis
. A key or males o the species within the regions is presented, as well asdistribution maps and comments on taxonomy and natural history. Also included is one new speciesrom Bondi, an eastern suburb o Sydney—
 M. milledgei
.The status o the
 Misgolas
species dealt with by Wishart (2006) is claried. An outline o the interventiono molecular work necessitated by need to match otherwise undiagnosable species with conspecicmales is discussed.
 Misgolas hubbardi
is placed in the synonymy o 
 M. rapax
as it shows no signicantmorphological dierences in the emales o the two species, nor signicant molecular divergence.
 Dyarcyops ionthus, Arbanitis montanus
and
 A. chisholmi
are removed rom the synonymy o 
 M. rapax
;and
 A. fuscipes
is removed rom the synonymy o 
 M. villosus. A. montanus
is given ull species status.
 Dyarcyops ionthus, A. chisholmi
and
 A. fuscipes
are species incertae sedis.
W
ishart
, G
raham
, & d
avid
m. r
oWell
, 2008. Trapdoor Spiders o the genus
 Misgolas
(Mygalomorphae: Idiopidae)rom eastern New South Wales, with notes on genetic variation.
 Records of the Australian Museum
60(1): 45–86.© Australian Museum, Sydney 2008Records o the Australian Museum (2008) Vol. 60: 45–86. ISSN 0067-1975doi:10.3853/j.0067-1975.60.2008.1495
Since 1992 one o us (GW) have been accessing theAustralian Museum’s collection o mygalomorph spiderso the trapdoor spider genus
 Misgolas
presently in excesso 2,200 specimens, or the most part collected rom NewSouth Wales. O these the emale and juvenile specimenswere generally not considered or species status becauseo the paucity o useul identiying characters. O themales (about 1,300) photographic records o palp andbulb were kept to demonstrate interspecic variations inmorphology o those organs. A similar exercise examining
 
46 Records o the Australian Museum (2008) Vol. 60
 Misgolas
spider specimens held at the Queensland Museum,Brisbane, indicated a similar pattern o numerous species.From this work it seemed probable that dierent species o 
 Misgolas
trapdoor spiders ound in New South Wales andQueensland would be in excess o one hundred. Presentlythere are 19 recognized species rom New South Wales, sixrom Queensland, two rom Tasmania and one rom SouthAustralia. This work introduces to this list a urther 23species rom New South Wales.Early in 1993 an extensive pitall trapping collection o invertebrates throughout northern New South Wales wascarried out by Dr M. Gray and Dr G. Cassis. This collectionalone accounted or possibly 33 o the New South Wales
 Misgolas
species estimated number. Because o the propen-sity or dierent species o male
 Misgolas
spiders to wanderin search o a emale partner at dierent specic times o year(Wishart, 1993) and the geographic constraints on collectingprogrammes it is possible that collections made throughout awhole year and rom more localities would yield many morespecies new to science.This paper is the second in a geographical series detailingthe distribution o spiders o the genus
 Misgolas
Karsch,1878 throughout New South Wales. The rst, (Wishart, 2006)reported on species located in the Sydney Region. This work identies species collected rom the region immediatelynorth o the Sydney Region, rom the Hawkesbury Rivernorth to the 31°30'S parallel approximating Port Macquarieand the Hastings River and east o longitude 151°E to thecoast (Fig. 24A). Further papers recording species rom theIllawarra and South Coast, Far North Coast and the Westernslopes o New South Wales are in preparation.Three
 Misgolas
species dealt with by Wishart (2006)have distributions extending rom the Sydney Region intothe region covered by this work (Fig. 24B). One o us (GW)would anticipate that the passing o time will show eacho them to consist o a number o dierent species. Thesespiders are presently treated as:
 Misgolas villosus
(Rainbow,1914), in Wishart, 2006, p. 3,
 M. gracilis
(Rainbow &Pulleine, 1918), in Wishart, 2006, p. 7 and
 M. melancholicus
 (Rainbow & Pulleine, 1918), in Wishart, 2006, p. 10.
Material and methods
Follows that o Wishart (2006). All specimens are depositedin the Australian Museum, Sydney. Measuring points aretaken rom Coyle (1971).Whilst at rest the bulb o the male palpal organ is oldedinto the ventral excavation o the palpal tibia. Usually thebrown sclerous convex side is uppermost against the tibiacavity and is considered here to be the dorsal surace. Theweakly chitinous fange is retrolaterally situated on the basalpart o the embolus. The conguration o the embolus o themale bulb (e.g., straight or bent) is described rom dorsalaspect. Measurements and counts reer to the characters onthe right side o the specimen and where provided data orthe let side is given in brackets. Notation o spines is takenrom Forster & Wilton (1968).
Terminology
Terminology ollows Wishart (2006):
 ALE 
, anterior lateraleyes;
 AM 
, Australian Museum, Sydney (specimens listedunder accession numbers prexed KS are deposited in theAM);
 AME 
, anterior median eyes;
, dorsal;
 DTA
, distal tibialapophysis, a small, oten hooked, apical apophysis positionedretrodorsally on tibia o male palp (usually present);
GW 
, G.Wishart;
 pd 
, prodorsal;
 pl
, prolateral;
PLE 
, posterior lateraleyes;
PME 
, posterior median eyes;
PMS
, posterior medianspinnerets;
 pv
, proventral;
rd 
, retrodorsal;
rl
, retrolateral;
 RTA
, retroventral tibial apophysis, a prominent apophysisprojecting generally orward rom c. midway on tibia o male palp;
rv
, retroventral;
TEM 
, tibial excavation mound,a usually pallid mound within tibial excavation, o variableprominence, prolaterally adjacent to or contiguous withRTA;
TET 
, tibial excavation texture, a textured area o aseries o raised transverse lines within palpal tibial excava-tion and which encroaches upon TEM;
v
, ventral; width/ length ratio—ratio o maximum width to length o oculararea; only rarely, and then only marginally, is this greaterthan 2 (Main, 1985).
Key to males of species in the genus
 Misgolas
from the New South WalesCentral Coast south of Port Macquarie to Hawkesbury River
1 Embolus tip sinuous rom dorsal aspect (Fig. 1B) ......................................................................... 2—— Embolus tip straight or with simple bend, not sinuous (Fig. 7B) .................................................. 72 Embolic dorsal apophysis remote rom embolus swollen tip(Fig. 1C) ......................................................................................................................................... 3—— Embolic apophysis absent or placed on swollen tip ...................................................................... 53 Metatarsi I and II with bilateral small clusters o spines near distaledges (Fig. 1E–H) .....................................................................................................
 M. mudfordae
—— Small clusters o spines absent rom metatarsi I and II ................................................................. 44 Tarsi I and II without spines ...................................................................................
 M. thompsonae
—— Tarsi II (only) with retroventral row o small spines adjacent toscopula (Fig. 3G) ....................................................................................................
 M. tarnawskiae
5 Embolic apophysis absent ...........................................................................................
 M. dougweiri
—— Embolic apophysis on swollen tip (Fig. 5C) .................................................................................. 6
 
Wishart & Rowell: Trapdoor Spiders o eastern NSW 47
6 Small dorsal embolic apophysis on swollen tip (Fig. 5C) ..........................................
 M. maxhicksi
—— Acutely pointed prodorsal embolic apophysis near tip (Fig. 6B) ...............................
 M. campbelli
7 Tarsi I and II with bilateral rows o small spines adjacent toscopula; metatarsus I and II with bilateral small clusters o spinesnear distal edges (Fig. 7E–H) ........................................................................................................ 8—— Small spines adjacent to scopula on tarsi I and II and spine clusterson metatarsi I and II absent ............................................................................................................ 98 Distal tibial apophysis massive; proximal hal retrolateraltibial apophysis abruptly swollen (Fig. 7A) .............................................................
 M. yorkmainae
—— Distal tibial apophysis small; retrolateral tibial apophysis digi-tate (Fig. 8A) ..........................................................................................................
 M. helensmithae
9 Distal tibial apophysis hooked (Fig. 9A) ..................................................................................... 10—— Distal tibial apophysis straight or absent ..................................................................................... 1310 Cymbium dorsal surace with pallid bristles, spines absent (Fig. 9D) .......................
 M. weigelorum
—— Cymbium dorsal surace with spines ........................................................................................... 1111 Embolic apophysis positioned as gured (Fig. 10B) ...........................................................
 M. taiti
—— Embolic dorsal apophysis remote rom tip or apophysis absent ................................................. 1212 Embolic dorsal apophysis present (Wishart, 2006, g. 5B,C) .............................
 M. melancholicus
—— Embolic apophysis absent (Wishart, 2006, g. 1B,C) ....................................................
 M. villosus
13 Embolic apophysis present or fange with one large old ............................................................ 14—— Embolic apophysis absent ............................................................................................................ 1814 Embolic fange with one large old (Wishart, 2006, g. 3B,C) ........................................
 M. gracilis
—— Embolic apophysis present .......................................................................................................... 1515 Embolic dorsal apophysis subdistal (Fig. 11C). Second apophysisabsent ......................................................................................................................
 M. sydjordanae
—— Embolic apophyses prodorsal or prolateral, not dorsal unless asecond apophysis ......................................................................................................................... 1616 Venter pale with brown speckles in 2–3 transverse bands(Fig. 12F) ...............................................................................................................
 M. davidwilsoni
—— Venter entirely brown or black .................................................................................................... 1717 Venter entirely black (Fig. 13D). Embolic prolateral apophysissubdistal. Small second, dorsal, embolic apophysis remoterom tip (Fig. 13B,C). Retrolateral tibial apophysis digitate(Fig. 13A) .............................................................................................................
 M. crawfordorum
—— Venter entirely brown (Fig. 14D). Embolic prolateral apophysissubdistal. Second embolic apophysis absent (Fig. 14B,C). RTAswollen, not digitate (Fig. 14A) ..............................................................................
 M. watsonorum
18 Distal tibial apophysis absent (Fig. 15A) ..........................................................................
 M. raveni
—— Distal tibial apophysis present, not hooked ................................................................................. 1919 Embolic retrolateral lange distal margin sharply convexlycurved olding under embolus as i twisted (Figs 16B, 17B, 18B,19B) ............................................................................................................................................. 20—— Embolic retrolateral fange margin straight or gently curved (Figs20B, 21B, 22B) ............................................................................................................................ 2320 Distal tibial apophysis inclined downwards, not horizontal (Figs16A, 17A) .................................................................................................................................... 21—— Distal tibial apophysis horizontal, projecting orward (Fig. 18A) ............................................... 22

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